# surfaceArea

From sp v0.9-96
0th

Percentile

##### Compute surface area of a digital elevation model.

It is often said that if Wales was flattened out it would have an area bigger than England. This function computes the surface area of a grid of heights taking into account the sloping nature of the surface.

Keywords
spatial
##### Usage
surfaceArea(m, ...)
surfaceArea.matrix(m, cellx = 1, celly = 1, byCell = FALSE)
##### Arguments
m
a matrix of height values, or an object of class SpatialPixelsDataFrame or SpatialGridDataFrame.
cellx
the size of the grid cells in the x-direction, in the same units as the height values.
celly
the size of the grid cells in the y-direction, in the same units as the height values.
byCell
return single value or matrix of values
...
ignored
##### Value

• Either a single value of the total area if byCell=FALSE, or a matrix the same shape as m of individual cell surface areas if byCell=TRUE. In this case, the sum of the returned matrix should be the same value as that which is returned if byCell=FALSE. Missing values (NA) in the input matrix are allowed. They will produce an NA in the output matrix for byCell=TRUE, and contribute zero to the total area. They also have an effect on adjacent cells - see code comments for details.

##### References

Calculating Landscape Surface Area from Digital Elevation Models, Jeff S. Jenness Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Autumn, 2004), pp. 829-839

##### Aliases
• surfaceArea
• surfaceArea.matrix
• surfaceArea,SpatialPixelsDataFrame-method
• surfaceArea,SpatialGridDataFrame-method
• surfaceArea,matrix-method
##### Examples
surfaceArea(volcano)
image(surfaceArea(volcano,byCell=TRUE))

data(meuse.grid)
gridded(meuse.grid) = ~x+y
image(surfaceArea(meuse.grid["dist"], byCell=TRUE))
surfaceArea(meuse.grid["dist"])
Documentation reproduced from package sp, version 0.9-96, License: GPL (>= 2)

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