SpatialPolygons-class

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Class "SpatialPolygons"

class to hold polygon topology (without attributes)

Keywords
classes
Note

rbind calls the function SpatialPolygons, where it is checked that all IDs are unique. If rbind-ing SpatialPolygons without unique IDs, it is possible to set the argument makeUniqueIDs = TRUE, although it is preferred to change these explicitly with spChFIDs.

Objects from the Class

Objects can be created by calls to the function SpatialPolygons

Slots

polygons:

Object of class "list"; list elements are all of class Polygons-class

plotOrder:

Object of class "integer"; integer array giving the order in which objects should be plotted

bbox:

Object of class "matrix"; see Spatial-class

proj4string:

Object of class "CRS"; see CRS-class

Extends

Class "Spatial", directly.

Methods

Methods defined with class "SpatialPolygons" in the signature:

[

signature(obj = "SpatialPolygons"): select subset of (sets of) polygons; NAs are not permitted in the row index

plot

signature(x = "SpatialPolygons", y = "missing"): plot polygons in SpatialPolygons object

summary

signature(object = "SpatialPolygons"): summarize object

rbind

signature(object = "SpatialPolygons"): rbind-like method

plot method arguments

The plot method for spatial polygons takes the following arguments:

x

a SpatialPolygons object

col

a vector of colour values

border

default par("fg"); the colour to draw the border

add

default FALSE; if TRUE, add to existing plot

xlim, ylim

default NULL; ranges for the plotted ‘x’ and ‘y’ values

xpd

default NULL; controls clipping, see par

density

default NULL; the density of shading lines, in lines per inch, see polygon

angle

default 45; the slope of shading lines, given as an angle in degrees (counter-clockwise), see polygon

pbg

default NULL, set to par("bg") by default “transparent”; the colour to paint holes

axes

default FALSE; draw axes

lty

default par("lty"); border line type

...

other arguments passed through

setParUsrBB

default FALSE; see Spatial-class for further details

usePolypath

default NULL to set from option value; use polypath for hole-handling in plot

rule

default NULL to set from option value; character value specifying the path fill mode, see polypath

The options for usePolypath and rule may be retrieved with get_Polypath (default TRUE on package load) and get_PolypathRule (default “winding” on package load), and set with set_Polypath and set_PolypathRule

The class definitions used for polygons in sp do not accord with those of the simple features specification of the Open Geospatial Consortium. The rgeos package, an interface to Geometry Engine -- Open Source (GEOS), uses this specification, in which each hole (interior ring) must be associated with its containing exterior ring. In order to avoid introducing incompatible changes into the class definition of Polygons objects, a comment has been added as a single character string to each such object. Here we can trust the data source to assign the hole status correctly, and use the simple function createSPComment to add such comments to each Polygons member of the polygons slot of this SpatialPolygons object. Exterior rings are coded zero, while interior rings are coded with the 1-based index of the exterior ring to which they belong. SpatialPolygons objects created by reading using readOGR from rgdal have the comments set on input, as OGR also uses SFS.

See Also

SpatialPolygons

Aliases
  • SpatialPolygons-class
  • [,SpatialPolygons-method
  • as.data.frame.SpatialPolygons
  • as.SpatialPolygonsDataFrame.SpatialPolygons
  • coerce,SpatialPolygons,SpatialPolygonsDataFrame-method
  • plot,SpatialPolygons,missing-method
  • summary,SpatialPolygons-method
  • rbind.SpatialPolygons
  • coerce,Polygons,Lines-method
  • coerce,SpatialPolygons,SpatialLines-method
  • coerce,deldir,SpatialPolygons-method
  • row.names.SpatialPolygons
  • get_Polypath
  • set_Polypath
  • get_PolypathRule
  • set_PolypathRule
Examples
# NOT RUN {
# simple example, from vignette("sp"):
Sr1 = Polygon(cbind(c(2,4,4,1,2),c(2,3,5,4,2)))
Sr2 = Polygon(cbind(c(5,4,2,5),c(2,3,2,2)))
Sr3 = Polygon(cbind(c(4,4,5,10,4),c(5,3,2,5,5)))
Sr4 = Polygon(cbind(c(5,6,6,5,5),c(4,4,3,3,4)), hole = TRUE)

Srs1 = Polygons(list(Sr1), "s1")
Srs2 = Polygons(list(Sr2), "s2")
Srs3 = Polygons(list(Sr3, Sr4), "s3/4")
SpP = SpatialPolygons(list(Srs1,Srs2,Srs3), 1:3)
plot(SpP, col = 1:3, pbg="white")

grd <- GridTopology(c(1,1), c(1,1), c(10,10))
polys <- as(grd, "SpatialPolygons")
plot(polys)
text(coordinates(polys), labels=row.names(polys))
# }
Documentation reproduced from package sp, version 1.3-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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