# ml_linear_regression

##### Spark ML -- Linear Regression

Perform regression using linear regression.

##### Usage

```
ml_linear_regression(x, formula = NULL, fit_intercept = TRUE,
elastic_net_param = 0, reg_param = 0, max_iter = 100,
weight_col = NULL, loss = "squaredError", solver = "auto",
standardization = TRUE, tol = 1e-06, features_col = "features",
label_col = "label", prediction_col = "prediction",
uid = random_string("linear_regression_"), ...)
```

##### Arguments

- x
A

`spark_connection`

,`ml_pipeline`

, or a`tbl_spark`

.- formula
Used when

`x`

is a`tbl_spark`

. R formula as a character string or a formula. This is used to transform the input dataframe before fitting, see ft_r_formula for details.- fit_intercept
Boolean; should the model be fit with an intercept term?

- elastic_net_param
ElasticNet mixing parameter, in range [0, 1]. For alpha = 0, the penalty is an L2 penalty. For alpha = 1, it is an L1 penalty.

- reg_param
Regularization parameter (aka lambda)

- max_iter
The maximum number of iterations to use.

- weight_col
The name of the column to use as weights for the model fit.

- loss
The loss function to be optimized. Supported options: "squaredError" and "huber". Default: "squaredError"

- solver
Solver algorithm for optimization.

- standardization
Whether to standardize the training features before fitting the model.

- tol
Param for the convergence tolerance for iterative algorithms.

- features_col
Features column name, as a length-one character vector. The column should be single vector column of numeric values. Usually this column is output by

`ft_r_formula`

.- label_col
Label column name. The column should be a numeric column. Usually this column is output by

`ft_r_formula`

.- prediction_col
Prediction column name.

- uid
A character string used to uniquely identify the ML estimator.

- ...
Optional arguments; see Details.

##### Details

When `x`

is a `tbl_spark`

and `formula`

(alternatively, `response`

and `features`

) is specified, the function returns a `ml_model`

object wrapping a `ml_pipeline_model`

which contains data pre-processing transformers, the ML predictor, and, for classification models, a post-processing transformer that converts predictions into class labels. For classification, an optional argument `predicted_label_col`

(defaults to `"predicted_label"`

) can be used to specify the name of the predicted label column. In addition to the fitted `ml_pipeline_model`

, `ml_model`

objects also contain a `ml_pipeline`

object where the ML predictor stage is an estimator ready to be fit against data. This is utilized by `ml_save`

with `type = "pipeline"`

to faciliate model refresh workflows.

##### Value

The object returned depends on the class of `x`

.

`spark_connection`

: When`x`

is a`spark_connection`

, the function returns an instance of a`ml_estimator`

object. The object contains a pointer to a Spark`Predictor`

object and can be used to compose`Pipeline`

objects.`ml_pipeline`

: When`x`

is a`ml_pipeline`

, the function returns a`ml_pipeline`

with the predictor appended to the pipeline.`tbl_spark`

: When`x`

is a`tbl_spark`

, a predictor is constructed then immediately fit with the input`tbl_spark`

, returning a prediction model.`tbl_spark`

, with`formula`

: specified When`formula`

is specified, the input`tbl_spark`

is first transformed using a`RFormula`

transformer before being fit by the predictor. The object returned in this case is a`ml_model`

which is a wrapper of a`ml_pipeline_model`

.

##### See Also

See http://spark.apache.org/docs/latest/ml-classification-regression.html for more information on the set of supervised learning algorithms.

Other ml algorithms: `ml_aft_survival_regression`

,
`ml_decision_tree_classifier`

,
`ml_gbt_classifier`

,
`ml_generalized_linear_regression`

,
`ml_isotonic_regression`

,
`ml_linear_svc`

,
`ml_logistic_regression`

,
`ml_multilayer_perceptron_classifier`

,
`ml_naive_bayes`

,
`ml_one_vs_rest`

,
`ml_random_forest_classifier`

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
sc <- spark_connect(master = "local")
mtcars_tbl <- sdf_copy_to(sc, mtcars, name = "mtcars_tbl", overwrite = TRUE)
partitions <- mtcars_tbl %>%
sdf_random_split(training = 0.7, test = 0.3, seed = 1111)
mtcars_training <- partitions$training
mtcars_test <- partitions$test
lm_model <- mtcars_training %>%
ml_linear_regression(mpg ~ .)
pred <- ml_predict(lm_model, mtcars_test)
ml_regression_evaluator(pred, label_col = "mpg")
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package sparklyr, version 1.0.3, License: Apache License 2.0 | file LICENSE*