Given a point process model fitted to a point pattern, compute the fitted conditional intensity or fitted trend of the model at the points of the pattern, or at the points of the quadrature scheme used to fit the model.

```
# S3 method for ppm
fitted(object, …, type="lambda",
dataonly=FALSE, new.coef=NULL, leaveoneout=FALSE,
drop=FALSE, check=TRUE, repair=TRUE,
ignore.hardcore=FALSE, dropcoef=FALSE)
```

object

The fitted point process model (an object of class `"ppm"`

)

…

Ignored.

type

String (partially matched) indicating whether the fitted value is the
conditional intensity (`"lambda"`

or `"cif"`

) or
the first order trend (`"trend"`

)
or the logarithm of conditional intensity (`"link"`

).

dataonly

Logical. If `TRUE`

, then values will only be computed
at the points of the data point pattern. If `FALSE`

, then
values will be computed at all the points of the quadrature scheme
used to fit the model, including the points of the data point pattern.

new.coef

Numeric vector of parameter values to replace the
fitted model parameters `coef(object)`

.

leaveoneout

Logical. If `TRUE`

the fitted value at each data
point will be computed using a leave-one-out method. See Details.

drop

Logical value determining whether to delete quadrature points that were not used to fit the model.

check

Logical value indicating whether to check the internal format
of `object`

. If there is any possibility that this object
has been restored from a dump file, or has otherwise lost track of
the environment where it was originally computed, set
`check=TRUE`

.

repair

Logical value indicating whether to repair the internal format
of `object`

, if it is found to be damaged.

ignore.hardcore

Advanced use only. Logical value specifying whether to compute only the finite part of the interaction potential (effectively removing any hard core interaction terms).

dropcoef

Internal use only.

A vector containing the values of the fitted conditional intensity, fitted spatial trend, or logarithm of the fitted conditional intensity.

Entries in this vector correspond to the quadrature points (data or
dummy points) used to fit the model. The quadrature points can be
extracted from `object`

by `union.quad(quad.ppm(object))`

.

The argument `object`

must be a fitted point process model
(object of class `"ppm"`

). Such objects are produced by the
model-fitting algorithm `ppm`

).

This function evaluates the conditional intensity
\(\hat\lambda(u, x)\)
or spatial trend \(\hat b(u)\) of the fitted point process
model for certain locations \(u\),
where `x`

is the original point pattern dataset to which
the model was fitted.

The locations \(u\) at which the fitted conditional intensity/trend
is evaluated, are the points of the
quadrature scheme used to fit the model in `ppm`

.
They include the data points (the points of the original point pattern
dataset `x`

) and other ``dummy'' points
in the window of observation.

If `leaveoneout=TRUE`

, fitted values will be computed
for the data points only, using a ‘leave-one-out’ rule:
the fitted value at `X[i]`

is effectively computed by
deleting this point from the data and re-fitting the model to the
reduced pattern `X[-i]`

, then predicting the value at
`X[i]`

. (Instead of literally performing this calculation,
we apply a Taylor approximation using the influence function
computed in `dfbetas.ppm`

.

The argument `drop`

is explained in `quad.ppm`

.

Use `predict.ppm`

to compute the fitted conditional
intensity at other locations or with other values of the
explanatory variables.

Baddeley, A., Turner, R., Moller, J. and Hazelton, M. (2005).
Residual analysis for spatial point processes (with discussion).
*Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B*
**67**, 617--666.

# NOT RUN { str <- ppm(cells ~x, Strauss(r=0.1)) lambda <- fitted(str) # extract quadrature points in corresponding order quadpoints <- union.quad(quad.ppm(str)) # plot conditional intensity values # as circles centred on the quadrature points quadmarked <- setmarks(quadpoints, lambda) plot(quadmarked) if(!interactive()) str <- ppm(cells ~ x) lambdaX <- fitted(str, leaveoneout=TRUE) # }