spatstat (version 1.16-1)

redwood: California Redwoods Point Pattern (Ripley's Subset)


Locations of 62 seedlings and saplings of California redwood trees. The data represent the locations of 62 seedlings and saplings of California redwood trees in a square sampling region. They originate from Strauss (1975); the present data are a subset extracted by Ripley (1977) in a subregion that has been rescaled to a unit square. There are many further analyses of this dataset. It is often used as a canonical example of a clustered point pattern (see e.g. Diggle, 1983).

The original, full redwood dataset is supplied in the spatstat library as redwoodfull.





An object of class "ppp" representing the point pattern of tree locations. The window has been rescaled to the unit square.

See ppp.object for details of the format of a point pattern object.


Strauss (1975), subset extracted by Ripley (1977)


Diggle, P.J. (1983) Statistical analysis of spatial point patterns. Academic Press.

Ripley, B.D. (1977) Modelling spatial patterns (with discussion). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B 39, 172--212.

Strauss, D.J. (1975) A model for clustering. Biometrika 63, 467--475.

See Also