# SatPiece

##### Piecewise Constant Saturated Pairwise Interaction Point Process Model

Creates an instance of a saturated pairwise interaction point process model with piecewise constant potential function. The model can then be fitted to point pattern data.

##### Usage

`SatPiece(r, sat)`

##### Arguments

- r
- vector of jump points for the potential function
- sat
- vector of saturation values, or a single saturation value

##### Details

This is a generalisation of the Geyer saturation point process model,
described in `Geyer`

, to the case of multiple interaction
distances. It can also be described as the saturated analogue of a
pairwise interaction process with piecewise-constant pair potential,
described in `PairPiece`

.

The saturated point process with interaction radii $r_1,\ldots,r_k$, saturation thresholds $s_1,\ldots,s_k$, intensity parameter $\beta$ and interaction parameters $\gamma_1,\ldots,gamma_k$, is the point process in which each point $x_i$ in the pattern $X$ contributes a factor $$\beta \gamma_1^{v_1(x_i, X)} \ldots gamma_k^{v_k(x_i,X)}$$ to the probability density of the point pattern, where $$v_j(x_i, X) = \min( s_j, t_j(x_i,X) )$$ where $t_j(x_i, X)$ denotes the number of points in the pattern $X$ which lie at a distance between $r_{j-1}$ and $r_j$ from the point $x_i$. We take $r_0 = 0$ so that $t_1(x_i,X)$ is the number of points of $X$ that lie within a distance $r_1$ of the point $x_i$.

`SatPiece`

is used to fit this model to data.
The function `ppm()`

, which fits point process models to
point pattern data, requires an argument
of class `"interact"`

describing the interpoint interaction
structure of the model to be fitted.
The appropriate description of the piecewise constant Saturated pairwise
interaction is yielded by the function `SatPiece()`

.
See the examples below.

Simulation of this point process model is not yet implemented.
This model is not locally stable (the conditional intensity is
unbounded).
The argument `r`

specifies the vector of interaction distances.
The entries of `r`

must be strictly increasing, positive numbers.

The argument `sat`

specifies the vector of saturation parameters.
It should be a vector of the same length as `r`

, and its entries
should be nonnegative numbers. Thus `sat[1]`

corresponds to the
distance range from `0`

to `r[1]`

, and `sat[2]`

to the
distance range from `r[1]`

to `r[2]`

, etc.
Alternatively `sat`

may be a single number, and this saturation
value will be applied to every distance range.

Infinite values of the
saturation parameters are also permitted; in this case
$v_j(x_i,X) = t_j(x_i,X)$
and there is effectively no `saturation' for the distance range in
question. If all the saturation parameters are set to `Inf`

then
the model is effectively a pairwise interaction process, equivalent to
`PairPiece`

(however the interaction parameters
$\gamma$ obtained from `SatPiece`

are the
square roots of the parameters $\gamma$
obtained from `PairPiece`

).
If `r`

is a single number, this model is virtually equivalent to the
Geyer process, see `Geyer`

.

##### Value

- An object of class
`"interact"`

describing the interpoint interaction structure of a point process.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
SatPiece(c(0.1,0.2), c(1,1))
# prints a sensible description of itself
SatPiece(c(0.1,0.2), 1)
data(cells)
ppm(cells, ~1, SatPiece(c(0.07, 0.1, 0.13), 2))
# fit a stationary piecewise constant Saturated pairwise interaction process
ppm(cells, ~polynom(x,y,3), SatPiece(c(0.07, 0.1, 0.13), 2))
# nonstationary process with log-cubic polynomial trend
```

*Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.18-4, License: GPL (>= 2)*