nnclean

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Nearest Neighbour Clutter Removal

Detect features in a 2D or 3D spatial point pattern using nearest neighbour clutter removal.

Keywords
spatial, classif
Usage
nnclean(X, k, ...)
## S3 method for class 'ppp':
nnclean(X, k, ...,
edge.correct = FALSE, wrap = 0.1,
convergence = 0.001, plothist = FALSE,
verbose = TRUE, maxit = 50)
## S3 method for class 'pp3':
nnclean(X, k, ...,
convergence = 0.001, plothist = FALSE,
verbose = TRUE, maxit = 50)
Arguments
X
A two-dimensional spatial point pattern (object of class "ppp") or a three-dimensional point pattern (object of class "pp3").
k
Degree of neighbour: k=1 means nearest neighbour, k=2 means second nearest, etc.
...
Ignored.
edge.correct
Logical flag specifying whether periodic edge correction should be performed (only implemented in 2 dimensions).
wrap
Numeric value specifying the relative size of the margin in which data will be replicated for the periodic edge correction (if edge.correct=TRUE). A fraction of window width and window height.
convergence
Tolerance threshold for testing convergence of EM algorithm.
maxit
Maximum number of iterations for EM algorithm.
plothist
Logical flag specifying whether to plot a diagnostic histogram of the nearest neighbour distances and the fitted distribution.
verbose
Logical flag specifying whether to print progress reports.
Details

Byers and Raftery (1998) developed a technique for recognising features in a spatial point pattern in the presence of random clutter.

For each point in the pattern, the distance to the $k$th nearest neighbour is computed. Then the E-M algorithm is used to fit a mixture distribution to the nearest neighbour distances. The mixture components represent the feature and the clutter. The mixture model can be used to classify each point as belong to one or other component.

The function nnclean is generic, with methods for two-dimensional point patterns (class "ppp") and three-dimensional point patterns (class "pp3") currently implemented.

The result is a point pattern (2D or 3D) with two additional columns of marks: [object Object],[object Object]

Value

• An object of the same kind as X, obtained by attaching marks to the points of X.

References

Byers, S. and Raftery, A.E. (1998) Nearest-neighbour clutter removal for estimating features in spatial point processes. Journal of the American Statistical Association 93, 577--584.

nndist, split.ppp, cut.ppp

• nnclean
• nnclean.ppp
• nnclean.pp3
Examples
data(shapley)
X <- nnclean(shapley, k=17)
plot(X, chars=c(".", "+"), cols=1:2)
Y <- split(X)
plot(Y, chars="+", cex=0.5)
marks(X) <- marks(X)\$prob
plot(cut(X, breaks=3), chars=c(".", "+", "+"), cols=1:3)
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.19-2, License: GPL (>= 2)

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