miplot

0th

Percentile

Morishita Index Plot

Displays the Morishita Index Plot of a spatial point pattern.

Keywords
spatial, nonparametric
Usage
miplot(X, ...)
Arguments
X
A point pattern (object of class "ppp") or something acceptable to as.ppp.
...
Optional arguments to control the appearance of the plot.
Details

Morishita (1959) defined an index of spatial aggregation for a spatial point pattern based on quadrat counts. The spatial domain of the point pattern is first divided into $Q$ subsets (quadrats) of equal size and shape. The numbers of points falling in each quadrat are counted. Then the Morishita Index is computed as $$\mbox{MI} = Q \frac{\sum_{i=1}^Q n_i (n_i - 1)}{N(N-1)}$$ where $n_i$ is the number of points falling in the $i$-th quadrat, and $N$ is the total number of points. If the pattern is completely random, MI should be approximately equal to 1. Values of MI greater than 1 suggest clustering.

The Morishita Index plot is a plot of the Morishita Index MI against the linear dimension of the quadrats. The point pattern dataset is divided into $2 \times 2$ quadrats, then $3 \times 3$ quadrats, etc, and the Morishita Index is computed each time. This plot is an attempt to discern different scales of dependence in the point pattern data.

Value

  • None.

References

M. Morishita (1959) Measuring of the dispersion of individuals and analysis of the distributional patterns. Memoir of the Faculty of Science, Series E2, Kyushu University. Pages 215--235.

See Also

quadratcount

Aliases
  • miplot
Examples
data(longleaf)
 miplot(longleaf)
 opa <- par(mfrow=c(2,3))
 data(cells)
 data(japanesepines)
 data(redwood)
 plot(cells)
 plot(japanesepines)
 plot(redwood)
 miplot(cells)
 miplot(japanesepines)
 miplot(redwood)
 par(opa)
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.21-0, License: GPL (>= 2)

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