# Gres

0th

Percentile

##### Residual G Function

Given a point process model fitted to a point pattern dataset, this function computes the residual $G$ function, which serves as a diagnostic for goodness-of-fit of the model.

Keywords
models, spatial
##### Usage
Gres(object, ...)
##### Arguments
object
Object to be analysed. Either a fitted point process model (object of class "ppm"), a point pattern (object of class "ppp"), a quadrature scheme (object of class "quad"), or the value returned by a pr
...
Arguments passed to Gcom.
##### Details

This command provides a diagnostic for the goodness-of-fit of a point process model fitted to a point pattern dataset. It computes a residual version of the $G$ function of the dataset, which should be approximately zero if the model is a good fit to the data.

In normal use, object is a fitted point process model or a point pattern. Then Gres first calls Gcom to compute both the nonparametric estimate of the $G$ function and its model compensator. Then Gres computes the difference between them, which is the residual $G$-function. Alternatively, object may be a function value table (object of class "fv") that was returned by a previous call to Gcom. Then Gres computes the residual from this object.

##### Value

• A function value table (object of class "fv"), essentially a data frame of function values. There is a plot method for this class. See fv.object.

##### References

Baddeley, A., Rubak, E. and Moller, J. (2011) Score, pseudo-score and residual diagnostics for spatial point process models. To appear in Statistical Science.

Gcom, Gest, ppm

• Gres
##### Examples
data(cells)
fit0 <- ppm(cells, ~1) # uniform Poisson
G0 <- Gres(fit0)
plot(G0)
# Hanisch correction estimate
plot(G0, hres ~ r)
# uniform Poisson is clearly not correct

fit1 <- ppm(cells, ~1, Strauss(0.08))
plot(Gres(fit1), hres ~ r)
# fit looks approximately OK; try adjusting interaction distance

plot(Gres(cells, interaction=Strauss(0.12)))

# How to make envelopes
E <- envelope(fit1, Gres, interaction=as.interact(fit1), nsim=39)
plot(E)
# For computational efficiency
Gc <- Gcom(fit1)
G1 <- Gres(Gc)
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.23-3, License: GPL (>= 2)

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