Connected components of a point pattern

Finds the topologically-connected components of a point pattern, when all pairs of points closer than a threshold distance are joined.

spatial, math
## S3 method for class 'ppp':
connected(X, R, \dots)
A point pattern (object of class "ppp").
Threshold distance. Pairs of points closer than R units apart will be joined together.
Other arguments, not recognised by these methods.

This function can be used to identify clumps of points in a point pattern.

The function connected is generic. This is the method for point patterns (objects of class "ppp").

The point pattern X is first converted into an abstract graph by joining every pair of points that lie closer than R units apart. Then the connected components of this graph are identified.

Two points in X belong to the same connected component if they can be reached by a series of steps between points of X, each step being shorter than R units in length.

The result is a vector of labels for the points of X where all the points in a connected component have the same label.


  • A point pattern, equivalent to X except that the points have factor-valued marks, with levels corresponding to the connected components.

See Also, im.object, tess

  • connected.ppp
Y <- connected(redwoodfull, 0.1)
   if(interactive()) {
    plot(Y, cols=1:length(levels(marks(Y))),
         main="connected(redwoodfull, 0.1)")
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.41-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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