lut

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Lookup Tables

Create a lookup table.

Keywords
manip, spatial
Usage
lut(outputs, ..., range=NULL, breaks=NULL, inputs=NULL, gamma=1)
Arguments
outputs

Vector of output values

Ignored.

range

Interval of numbers to be mapped. A numeric vector of length 2, specifying the ends of the range of values to be mapped. Incompatible with breaks or inputs.

inputs

Input values to which the output values are associated. A factor or vector of the same length as outputs. Incompatible with breaks or range.

breaks

Breakpoints for the lookup table. A numeric vector of length equal to length(outputs)+1. Incompatible with range or inputs.

gamma

Exponent for gamma correction, when range is given. A single positive number. See Details.

Details

A lookup table is a function, mapping input values to output values.

The command lut creates an object representing a lookup table, which can then be used to control various behaviour in the spatstat package. It can also be used to compute the output value assigned to any input value.

The argument outputs specifies the output values to which input data values will be mapped. It should be a vector of any atomic type (e.g. numeric, logical, character, complex) or factor values.

Exactly one of the arguments range, inputs or breaks must be specified by name.

If inputs is given, then it should be a vector or factor, of the same length as outputs. The entries of inputs can be any atomic type (e.g. numeric, logical, character, complex) or factor values. The resulting lookup table associates the value inputs[i] with the value outputs[i].

If range is given, then it determines the interval of the real number line that will be mapped. It should be a numeric vector of length 2. The interval will be divided evenly into bands, each of which is mapped to an entry of outputs. (If gamma is given, then the bands are equally spaced on a scale where the original values are raised to the power gamma.)

If breaks is given, then it determines intervals of the real number line which are mapped to each output value. It should be a numeric vector, of length at least 2, with entries that are in increasing order. Infinite values are allowed. Any number in the range between breaks[i] and breaks[i+1] will be mapped to the value outputs[i].

The result is an object of class "lut". There is a print method for this class. Some plot commands in the spatstat package accept an object of this class as a specification of a lookup table.

The result is also a function f which can be used to compute the output value assigned to any input data value. That is, f(x) returns the output value assigned to x. This also works for vectors of input data values.

Value

A function, which is also an object of class "lut".

See Also

colourmap.

Aliases
  • lut
Examples
# NOT RUN {
  # lookup table for real numbers, using breakpoints
  cr <- lut(factor(c("low", "medium", "high")), breaks=c(0,5,10,15))
  cr
  cr(3.2)
  cr(c(3,5,7))
  # lookup table for discrete set of values
  ct <- lut(c(0,1), inputs=c(FALSE, TRUE))
  ct(TRUE)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.55-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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