# pairorient

0th

Percentile

##### Point Pair Orientation Distribution

Computes the distribution of the orientation of vectors joining pairs of points at a particular range of distances.

Keywords
spatial, nonparametric
##### Usage
pairorient(X, r1, r2, ..., cumulative=FALSE,
correction, ratio = FALSE,
unit=c("degree", "radian"), domain=NULL)
##### Arguments
X

Point pattern (object of class "ppp").

r1,r2

Minimum and maximum values of distance to be considered.

Arguments passed to circdensity to control the kernel smoothing, if cumulative=FALSE.

cumulative

Logical value specifying whether to estimate the probability density (cumulative=FALSE, the default) or the cumulative distribution function (cumulative=TRUE).

correction

Character vector specifying edge correction or corrections. Options are "none", "isotropic", "translate", "good" and "best". Alternatively correction="all" selects all options.

ratio

Logical. If TRUE, the numerator and denominator of each edge-corrected estimate will also be saved, for use in analysing replicated point patterns.

unit

Unit in which the angles should be expressed. Either "degree" or "radian".

domain

Optional window. The first point $x_i$ of each pair of points will be constrained to lie in domain.

##### Details

This algorithm considers all pairs of points in the pattern X that lie more than r1 and less than r2 units apart. The direction of the arrow joining the points is measured, as an angle in degrees or radians, anticlockwise from the $x$ axis.

If cumulative=FALSE (the default), a kernel estimate of the probability density of the orientations is calculated using circdensity.

If cumulative=TRUE, then the cumulative distribution function of these directions is calculated. This is the function $O_{r1,r2}(\phi)$ defined in Stoyan and Stoyan (1994), equation (14.53), page 271.

In either case the result can be plotted as a rose diagram by rose, or as a function plot by plot.fv.

The algorithm gives each observed direction a weight, determined by an edge correction, to adjust for the fact that some interpoint distances are more likely to be observed than others. The choice of edge correction or corrections is determined by the argument correction.

It is also possible to calculate an estimate of the probability density from the cumulative distribution function, by numerical differentiation. Use deriv.fv with the argument Dperiodic=TRUE.

##### Value

A function value table (object of class "fv") containing the estimates of the probability density or the cumulative distribution function of angles, in degrees (if unit="degree") or radians (if unit="radian").

##### References

Stoyan, D. and Stoyan, H. (1994) Fractals, random shapes and point fields: methods of geometrical statistics. John Wiley and Sons.

Kest, Ksector, nnorient

• pairorient
##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
rose(pairorient(redwood, 0.05, 0.15, sigma=8), col="grey")
plot(CDF <- pairorient(redwood, 0.05, 0.15, cumulative=TRUE))
plot(f <- deriv(CDF, spar=0.6, Dperiodic=TRUE))
# }

Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.57-1, License: GPL (>= 2)

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