Ldot.inhom

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Inhomogeneous Multitype L Dot Function

For a multitype point pattern, estimate the inhomogeneous version of the dot \(L\) function.

Keywords
spatial, nonparametric
Usage
Ldot.inhom(X, i, …)
Arguments
X

The observed point pattern, from which an estimate of the inhomogeneous cross type \(L\) function \(L_{i\bullet}(r)\) will be computed. It must be a multitype point pattern (a marked point pattern whose marks are a factor). See under Details.

i

The type (mark value) of the points in X from which distances are measured. A character string (or something that will be converted to a character string). Defaults to the first level of marks(X).

Other arguments passed to Kdot.inhom.

Details

This a generalisation of the function Ldot to include an adjustment for spatially inhomogeneous intensity, in a manner similar to the function Linhom.

All the arguments are passed to Kdot.inhom, which estimates the inhomogeneous multitype K function \(K_{i\bullet}(r)\) for the point pattern. The resulting values are then transformed by taking \(L(r) = \sqrt{K(r)/\pi}\).

Value

An object of class "fv" (see fv.object).

Essentially a data frame containing numeric columns

r

the values of the argument \(r\) at which the function \(L_{i\bullet}(r)\) has been estimated

theo

the theoretical value of \(L_{i\bullet}(r)\) for a marked Poisson process, identical to \(r\).

together with a column or columns named "border", "bord.modif", "iso" and/or "trans", according to the selected edge corrections. These columns contain estimates of the function L_{i\bullet}(r)Li.(r) obtained by the edge corrections named.

Warnings

The argument i is interpreted as a level of the factor X$marks. It is converted to a character string if it is not already a character string. The value i=1 does not refer to the first level of the factor.

References

Moller, J. and Waagepetersen, R. Statistical Inference and Simulation for Spatial Point Processes Chapman and Hall/CRC Boca Raton, 2003.

See Also

Ldot, Linhom, Kdot.inhom, Lcross.inhom.

Aliases
  • Ldot.inhom
Examples
# NOT RUN {
    # Lansing Woods data
    lan <- lansing
    lan <- lan[seq(1,npoints(lan), by=10)]
    ma <- split(lan)$maple
    lg <- unmark(lan)

    # Estimate intensities by nonparametric smoothing
    lambdaM <- density.ppp(ma, sigma=0.15, at="points")
    lambdadot <- density.ppp(lg, sigma=0.15, at="points")
    L <- Ldot.inhom(lan, "maple", lambdaI=lambdaM,
                                  lambdadot=lambdadot)


    # synthetic example: type A points have intensity 50,
    #                    type B points have intensity 50 + 100 * x
    lamB <- as.im(function(x,y){50 + 100 * x}, owin())
    lamdot <- as.im(function(x,y) { 100 + 100 * x}, owin())
    X <- superimpose(A=runifpoispp(50), B=rpoispp(lamB))
    L <- Ldot.inhom(X, "B",  lambdaI=lamB,     lambdadot=lamdot)
# }
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.61-0, License: GPL (>= 2)

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