# model.matrix.ppm

##### Extract Design Matrix from Point Process Model

Given a point process model that has been fitted to spatial point pattern data, this function extracts the design matrix of the model.

##### Usage

```
# S3 method for ppm
model.matrix(object,
data=model.frame(object, na.action=NULL),
…,
Q=NULL, keepNA=TRUE)
``` # S3 method for kppm
model.matrix(object,
data=model.frame(object, na.action=NULL),
…,
Q=NULL, keepNA=TRUE)

# S3 method for dppm
model.matrix(object,
data=model.frame(object, na.action=NULL),
…,
Q=NULL, keepNA=TRUE)

# S3 method for lppm
model.matrix(object,
data=model.frame(object, na.action=NULL),
…,
keepNA=TRUE)

# S3 method for ippm
model.matrix(object,
data=model.frame(object, na.action=NULL),
…,
Q=NULL, keepNA=TRUE,
irregular=FALSE)

##### Arguments

- object
The fitted point process model. An object of class

`"ppm"`

or`"kppm"`

or`"dppm"`

or`"ippm"`

or`"lppm"`

.- data
A model frame, containing the data required for the Berman-Turner device.

- Q
A point pattern (class

`"ppp"`

) or quadrature scheme (class`"quad"`

) specifying new locations where the covariates should be computed.- keepNA
Logical. Determines whether rows containing NA values will be deleted or retained.

- …
Other arguments (such as

`na.action`

) passed to`model.matrix.lm`

.- irregular
Logical value indicating whether to include the irregular score components.

##### Details

These commands are methods for the generic function
`model.matrix`

.
They extract the design matrix of a spatial point process model
(class `"ppm"`

or `"kppm"`

or `"dppm"`

or `"lppm"`

).

More precisely, this command extracts the design matrix of the generalised linear model associated with a spatial point process model.

The `object`

must be a fitted point process model
(object of class `"ppm"`

or `"kppm"`

or `"dppm"`

or `"lppm"`

)
fitted to spatial point pattern data.
Such objects are produced by the model-fitting
functions `ppm`

, `kppm`

, `dppm`

and `lppm`

.

The methods `model.matrix.ppm`

,
`model.matrix.kppm`

, `model.matrix.dppm`

and `model.matrix.lppm`

extract the model matrix for the GLM.

The result is a matrix, with one row for every quadrature point in the fitting procedure, and one column for every constructed covariate in the design matrix.

If there are `NA`

values in the covariates,
the argument `keepNA`

determines whether to retain or delete
the corresponding rows of the model matrix. The default
`keepNA=TRUE`

is to retain them. Note that this differs from
the default behaviour of many other methods for `model.matrix`

,
which typically delete rows containing `NA`

.

The quadrature points themselves can be extracted using
`quad.ppm`

.

##### Value

A matrix. Columns of the matrix are canonical covariates in the model.
Rows of the matrix correspond to quadrature points
in the fitting procedure (provided `keepNA=TRUE`

).

##### See Also

`model.matrix`

,
`model.images`

,
`ppm`

,
`kppm`

,
`dppm`

,
`lppm`

,
`ippm`

,
`ppm.object`

,
`quad.ppm`

,
`residuals.ppm`

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
fit <- ppm(cells ~ x)
head(model.matrix(fit))
model.matrix(fit, Q=runifpoint(5))
kfit <- kppm(redwood ~ x, "Thomas")
m <- model.matrix(kfit)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.61-0, License: GPL (>= 2)*