# lut

##### Lookup Tables

Create a lookup table.

##### Usage

`lut(outputs, ..., range=NULL, breaks=NULL, inputs=NULL, gamma=1)`

##### Arguments

- outputs
Vector of output values

- …
Ignored.

- range
Interval of numbers to be mapped. A numeric vector of length 2, specifying the ends of the range of values to be mapped. Incompatible with

`breaks`

or`inputs`

.- inputs
Input values to which the output values are associated. A factor or vector of the same length as

`outputs`

. Incompatible with`breaks`

or`range`

.- breaks
Breakpoints for the lookup table. A numeric vector of length equal to

`length(outputs)+1`

. Incompatible with`range`

or`inputs`

.- gamma
Exponent for gamma correction, when

`range`

is given. A single positive number. See Details.

##### Details

A lookup table is a function, mapping input values to output values.

The command `lut`

creates an object representing
a lookup table, which can then be used to control various behaviour
in the spatstat package. It can also be used to compute the
output value assigned to any input value.

The argument `outputs`

specifies the output values to which
input data values will be mapped. It should be a vector of
any atomic type (e.g. numeric, logical, character, complex) or factor
values.

Exactly one of the arguments `range`

, `inputs`

or `breaks`

must be specified by name.

If

`inputs`

is given, then it should be a vector or factor, of the same length as`outputs`

. The entries of`inputs`

can be any atomic type (e.g. numeric, logical, character, complex) or factor values. The resulting lookup table associates the value`inputs[i]`

with the value`outputs[i]`

. The argument`outputs`

should have the same length as`inputs`

.If

`range`

is given, then it determines the interval of the real number line that will be mapped. It should be a numeric vector of length 2. The interval will be divided evenly into bands, each of which is mapped to an entry of`outputs`

. (If`gamma`

is given, then the bands are equally spaced on a scale where the original values are raised to the power`gamma`

.)If

`breaks`

is given, then it determines intervals of the real number line which are mapped to each output value. It should be a numeric vector, of length at least 2, with entries that are in increasing order. Infinite values are allowed. Any number in the range between`breaks[i]`

and`breaks[i+1]`

will be mapped to the value`outputs[i]`

. The argument`outputs`

should have length equal to`length(breaks) - 1`

.

It is also permissible for `outputs`

to be a single value,
representing a trivial lookup table in which all data values are mapped to
the same output value.

The result is an object of class `"lut"`

.
There is a `print`

method for this class.
Some plot commands in the spatstat package accept an object
of this class as a specification of a lookup table.

The result is also a function `f`

which can be used to compute
the output value assigned to any input data value.
That is, `f(x)`

returns the output value assigned
to `x`

. This also works for vectors of input data values.

##### Value

A function, which is also an object of class `"lut"`

.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
# lookup table for real numbers, using breakpoints
cr <- lut(factor(c("low", "medium", "high")), breaks=c(0,5,10,15))
cr
cr(3.2)
cr(c(3,5,7))
# lookup table for discrete set of values
ct <- lut(c(0,1), inputs=c(FALSE, TRUE))
ct(TRUE)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.63-3, License: GPL (>= 2)*