spatstat (version 1.64-1)

plot.fv: Plot Function Values


Plot method for the class "fv".


# S3 method for fv
plot(x, fmla, …, subset=NULL, lty=NULL, col=NULL, lwd=NULL,
           xlim=NULL, ylim=NULL, xlab=NULL, ylab=NULL, ylim.covers=NULL,
           legend=!add, legendpos="topleft", legendavoid=missing(legendpos),
           legendmath=TRUE, legendargs=list(),
           shade=fvnames(x, ".s"), shadecol="grey",
           add=FALSE, log="",
           mathfont=c("italic", "plain", "bold", "bolditalic"), 



An object of class "fv", containing the variables to be plotted or variables from which the plotting coordinates can be computed.


an R language formula determining which variables or expressions are plotted. Either a formula object, or a string that can be parsed as a formula. See Details.


(optional) subset of rows of the data frame that will be plotted.


(optional) numeric vector of values of the graphical parameter lty controlling the line style of each plot.


(optional) numeric vector of values of the graphical parameter col controlling the colour of each plot.


(optional) numeric vector of values of the graphical parameter lwd controlling the line width of each plot.


(optional) range of x axis


(optional) range of y axis


(optional) label for x axis


(optional) label for y axis

Extra arguments passed to plot.default.


Optional vector of \(y\) values that must be included in the \(y\) axis. For example ylim.covers=0 will ensure that the \(y\) axis includes the origin.


Logical flag or NULL. If legend=TRUE, the algorithm plots a legend in the top left corner of the plot, explaining the meaning of the different line types and colours.


The position of the legend. Either a character string keyword (see legend for keyword options) or a pair of coordinates in the format list(x,y). Alternatively if legendpos="float", a location will be selected inside the plot region, avoiding the graphics.


Whether to avoid collisions between the legend and the graphics. Logical value. If TRUE, the code will check for collisions between the legend box and the graphics, and will override legendpos if a collision occurs. If FALSE, the value of legendpos is always respected.


Logical. If TRUE, the legend will display the mathematical notation for each curve. If FALSE, the legend text is the identifier (column name) for each curve.


Named list containing additional arguments to be passed to legend controlling the appearance of the legend.


A character vector giving the names of two columns of x, or another type of index that identifies two columns. When the corresponding curves are plotted, the region between the curves will be shaded in light grey. The object x may or may not contain two columns which are designated as boundaries for shading; they are identified by fvnames(x, ".s"). The default is to shade between these two curves if they exist. To suppress this behaviour, set shade=NULL.


The colour to be used in the shade plot. A character string or an integer specifying a colour.


Logical. Whether the plot should be added to an existing plot


A character string which contains "x" if the x axis is to be logarithmic, "y" if the y axis is to be logarithmic and "xy" or "yx" if both axes are to be logarithmic.


Character string. The font to be used for mathematical expressions in the axis labels and the legend.


Logical. If FALSE, plotting is performed normally. If TRUE, no plotting is performed at all; just the \(x\) and \(y\) limits of the plot are computed and returned.


Invisible: either NULL, or a data frame giving the meaning of the different line types and colours.


This is the plot method for the class "fv".

The use of the argument fmla is like plot.formula, but offers some extra functionality.

The left and right hand sides of fmla are evaluated, and the results are plotted against each other (the left side on the \(y\) axis against the right side on the \(x\) axis).

The left and right hand sides of fmla may be the names of columns of the data frame x, or expressions involving these names. If a variable in fmla is not the name of a column of x, the algorithm will search for an object of this name in the environment where plot.fv was called, and then in the enclosing environment, and so on.

Multiple curves may be specified by a single formula of the form cbind(y1,y2,…,yn) ~ x, where x,y1,y2,…,yn are expressions involving the variables in the data frame. Each of the variables y1,y2,…,yn in turn will be plotted against x. See the examples.

Convenient abbreviations which can be used in the formula are

  • the symbol . which represents all the columns in the data frame that will be plotted by default;

  • the symbol .x which represents the function argument;

  • the symbol .y which represents the recommended value of the function.

For further information, see fvnames.

The value returned by this plot function indicates the meaning of the line types and colours in the plot. It can be used to make a suitable legend for the plot if you want to do this by hand. See the examples.

The argument shade can be used to display critical bands or confidence intervals. If it is not NULL, then it should be a subset index for the columns of x, that identifies exactly 2 columns. When the corresponding curves are plotted, the region between the curves will be shaded in light grey. See the Examples.

The default values of lty, col and lwd can be changed using spatstat.options("plot.fv").

Use type = "n" to create the plot region and draw the axes without plotting any data.

Use limitsonly=TRUE to suppress all plotting and just compute the \(x\) and \(y\) limits. This can be used to calculate common \(x\) and \(y\) scales for several plots.

To change the kind of parenthesis enclosing the explanatory text about the unit of length, use spatstat.options('units.paren')

See Also

fv.object, Kest


Run this code
   K <- Kest(cells)
   # K is an object of class "fv"

   plot(K, iso ~ r)                # plots iso against r

   plot(K, sqrt(iso/pi) ~ r)   # plots sqrt(iso/r)  against r

   plot(K, cbind(iso,theo) ~ r)   # plots iso against r  AND theo against r

   plot(K, .  ~ r)            # plots all available estimates of K against r

   plot(K, sqrt(./pi) ~ r)   # plots all estimates of L-function
                             # L(r) = sqrt(K(r)/pi)

   plot(K, cbind(iso,theo) ~ r, col=c(2,3))
                                   # plots iso against r  in colour 2
                                   # and theo against r in colour 3

   plot(K, iso ~ r, subset=quote(r < 0.2))
                                   # plots iso against r for r < 10

   # Can't remember the names of the columns? No problem..
   plot(K, sqrt(./pi) ~ .x)

   # making a legend by hand
   v <- plot(K, . ~ r, legend=FALSE)
   legend("topleft", legend=v$meaning, lty=v$lty, col=v$col)

   # significance bands
   KE <- envelope(cells, Kest, nsim=19)
   plot(KE, shade=c("hi", "lo"))

   # how to display two functions on a common scale
   Kr <- Kest(redwood)
   a <- plot(K, limitsonly=TRUE)
   b <- plot(Kr, limitsonly=TRUE)
   xlim <- range(a$xlim, b$xlim)
   ylim <- range(a$ylim, b$ylim)
   opa <- par(mfrow=c(1,2))
   plot(K, xlim=xlim, ylim=ylim)
   plot(Kr, xlim=xlim, ylim=ylim)
# }

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