Generate a random point pattern, a simulated realisation of the Matern Cluster Process.
rMatClust(kappa, scale, mu, win = owin(c(0,1),c(0,1)), nsim=1, drop=TRUE, saveLambda=FALSE, expand = scale, ..., poisthresh=1e-6, saveparents=TRUE)
Intensity of the Poisson process of cluster centres. A single positive number, a function, or a pixel image.
Radius parameter of the clusters.
Mean number of points per cluster (a single positive number) or reference intensity for the cluster points (a function or a pixel image).
Window in which to simulate the pattern.
An object of class
or something acceptable to
Number of simulated realisations to be generated.
drop=TRUE (the default), the
result will be a point pattern, rather than a list
containing a point pattern.
TRUE then the random intensity corresponding to
the simulated parent points will also be calculated and saved,
and returns as an attribute of the point pattern.
Numeric. Size of window expansion for generation of
parent points. Defaults to
scale which is the cluster
clusterfield to control the image
Numerical threshold below which the model will be treated as a Poisson process. See Details.
Logical value indicating whether to save the locations of the parent points as an attribute.
A point pattern (an object of class
or a list of point patterns if
nsim > 1.
Additionally, some intermediate results of the simulation are returned
as attributes of this point pattern (see
rNeymanScott). Furthermore, the simulated intensity
function is returned as an attribute
This algorithm generates a realisation of
Matern's cluster process,
a special case of the Neyman-Scott process, inside the window
In the simplest case, where
are single numbers, the algorithm
generates a uniform Poisson point process of “parent” points
kappa. Then each parent point is
replaced by a random cluster of “offspring” points,
the number of points per cluster being Poisson (
distributed, and their
positions being placed and uniformly inside
a disc of radius
scale centred on the parent point.
The resulting point pattern
is a realisation of the classical
“stationary Matern cluster process”
generated inside the window
This point process has intensity
kappa * mu.
The algorithm can also generate spatially inhomogeneous versions of the Matern cluster process:
The parent points can be spatially inhomogeneous.
If the argument
kappa is a
or a pixel image (object of class
"im"), then it is taken
as specifying the intensity function of an inhomogeneous Poisson
process that generates the parent points.
The offspring points can be inhomogeneous. If the
mu is a
or a pixel image (object of class
"im"), then it is
interpreted as the reference density for offspring points,
in the sense of Waagepetersen (2007).
For a given parent point, the offspring constitute a Poisson process
with intensity function equal to
mu/(pi * scale^2)
inside the disc of radius
scale centred on the parent
point, and zero intensity outside this disc.
Equivalently we first generate,
for each parent point, a Poisson (\(M\)) random number of
offspring (where \(M\) is the maximum value of
placed independently and uniformly in the disc of radius
centred on the parent location, and then randomly thin the
offspring points, with retention probability
Both the parent points and the offspring points can be inhomogeneous, as described above.
Note that if
kappa is a pixel image, its domain must be larger
than the window
win. This is because an offspring point inside
win could have its parent point lying outside
In order to allow this, the simulation algorithm
first expands the original window
by a distance
expand and generates the Poisson process of
parent points on this larger window. If
kappa is a pixel image,
its domain must contain this larger window.
The intensity of the Matern cluster
kappa * mu
mu is a single number. In the general
case the intensity is an integral involving
The Matern cluster process model
with homogeneous parents (i.e. where
kappa is a single number)
can be fitted to data using
Currently it is not possible to fit the
Matern cluster process model
with inhomogeneous parents.
If the pair correlation function of the model is very close
to that of a Poisson process, deviating by less than
poisthresh, then the model is approximately a Poisson process,
and will be simulated as a Poisson process with intensity
kappa * mu, using
This avoids computations that would otherwise require huge amounts
Matern, B. (1960) Spatial Variation. Meddelanden fraan Statens Skogsforskningsinstitut, volume 59, number 5. Statens Skogsforskningsinstitut, Sweden.
Matern, B. (1986) Spatial Variation. Lecture Notes in Statistics 36, Springer-Verlag, New York.
Waagepetersen, R. (2007) An estimating function approach to inference for inhomogeneous Neyman-Scott processes. Biometrics 63, 252--258.