# nnwhich

0th

Percentile

##### Nearest neighbour

Finds the nearest neighbour of each point in a point pattern.

Keywords
spatial, math
##### Usage
nnwhich(X, ..., method="C")
## S3 method for class 'ppp':
nnwhich(X, \dots, method="C")
## S3 method for class 'default':
nnwhich(X, Y=NULL, \dots, method="C")
##### Arguments
X,Y
Arguments specifying the locations of a set of points. For nnwhich.ppp, the argument X should be a point pattern (object of class "ppp"). For nnwhich.default, typically X and
...
Ignored by nnwhich.ppp and nnwhich.default.
method
String specifying which method of calculation to use. Values are "C" and "interpreted".
##### Details

For each point in the given point pattern, this function finds its nearest neighbour (the nearest other point of the pattern). It returns a vector giving, for each point, the index of the point's nearest neghbour.

The function nnwhich is generic, with a method for point patterns (objects of class "ppp") and a default method.

The method for point patterns expects a single point pattern argument X. The default method expects that X and Y will determine the coordinates of a set of points. Typically X and Y would be numeric vectors of equal length. Alternatively Y may be omitted and X may be a list with two components named x and y, or a matrix or data frame with two columns. The argument method is not normally used. It is retained only for checking the validity of the software. If method = "interpreted" then the distances are computed using interpreted R code only. If method="C" (the default) then C code is used. The C code is faster by two to three orders of magnitude and uses much less memory. If there is only one point (if x has length 1), then the nearest neighbour is undefined, and a value of NA is returned. If there are no points (if x has length zero) a numeric vector of length zero is returned.

To evaluate the distance between a point and its nearest neighbour, use nndist.

##### Value

• Integer vector giving, for each point, the index of its nearest neighour.

##### Warnings

A value of NA is returned if there is only one point in the point pattern.

nndist

##### Aliases
• nnwhich
• nnwhich.ppp
• nnwhich.default
##### Examples
oldpar <- par(mfrow=c(2,1))
data(cells)
plot(cells)
m <- nnwhich(cells)

b <- cells[m]
arrows(cells$x, cells$y, b$x, b$y, angle=15, length=0.15, col="red")

# find points which are the neighbour of their neighbour
self <- (m[m] == seq(m))
# plot them
A <- cells[self]
B <- cells[m[self]]
plot(cells)
segments(A$x, A$y, B$x, B$y)
par(oldpar)
Documentation reproduced from package spatstat, version 1.9-2, License: GPL version 2 or newer

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