Power Calculations for Two-Sample Test for Proportions
Compute the power of the two-sample test for proportions, or determine parameters to obtain a target power.
power.prop.test(n = NULL, p1 = NULL, p2 = NULL, sig.level = 0.05, power = NULL, alternative = c("two.sided", "one.sided"), strict = FALSE, tol = .Machine$double.eps^0.25)
- number of observations (per group)
- probability in one group
- probability in other group
- significance level (Type I error probability)
- power of test (1 minus Type II error probability)
- one- or two-sided test. Can be abbreviated.
- use strict interpretation in two-sided case
- numerical tolerance used in root finding, the default providing (at least) four significant digits.
Exactly one of the parameters
sig.level must be passed as NULL, and that
parameter is determined from the others. Notice that
has a non-NULL default so NULL must be explicitly passed if you want
strict = TRUE is used, the power will include the probability of
rejection in the opposite direction of the true effect, in the two-sided
case. Without this the power will be half the significance level if the
true difference is zero.
- Object of class
"power.htest", a list of the arguments (including the computed one) augmented with
uniroot is used to solve power equation for unknowns, so
you may see errors from it, notably about inability to bracket the
root when invalid arguments are given. If one of them is computed
p1 < p2 will hold, although this is not enforced when both are
power.prop.test(n = 50, p1 = .50, p2 = .75) ## => power = 0.740 power.prop.test(p1 = .50, p2 = .75, power = .90) ## => n = 76.7 power.prop.test(n = 50, p1 = .5, power = .90) ## => p2 = 0.8026 power.prop.test(n = 50, p1 = .5, p2 = 0.9, power = .90, sig.level=NULL) ## => sig.l = 0.00131 power.prop.test(p1 = .5, p2 = 0.501, sig.level=.001, power=0.90) ## => n = 10451937