stats (version 3.4.3)

## Description

Compute the median absolute deviation, i.e., the (lo-/hi-) median of the absolute deviations from the median, and (by default) adjust by a factor for asymptotically normal consistency.

## Usage

mad(x, center = median(x), constant = 1.4826, na.rm = FALSE,
low = FALSE, high = FALSE)

## Arguments

x

a numeric vector.

center

Optionally, the centre: defaults to the median.

constant

scale factor.

na.rm

if TRUE then NA values are stripped from x before computation takes place.

low

if TRUE, compute the ‘lo-median’, i.e., for even sample size, do not average the two middle values, but take the smaller one.

high

if TRUE, compute the ‘hi-median’, i.e., take the larger of the two middle values for even sample size.

## Details

The actual value calculated is constant * cMedian(abs(x - center)) with the default value of center being median(x), and cMedian being the usual, the ‘low’ or ‘high’ median, see the arguments description for low and high above.

The default constant = 1.4826 (approximately $$1/\Phi^{-1}(\frac 3 4)$$ = 1/qnorm(3/4)) ensures consistency, i.e., $$E[mad(X_1,\dots,X_n)] = \sigma$$ for $$X_i$$ distributed as $$N(\mu, \sigma^2)$$ and large $$n$$.

If na.rm is TRUE then NA values are stripped from x before computation takes place. If this is not done then an NA value in x will cause mad to return NA.

IQR which is simpler but less robust, median, var.

## Examples

# NOT RUN {