SignRank: Distribution of the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Statistic
Density, distribution function, quantile function and random
generation for the distribution of the Wilcoxon Signed Rank statistic
obtained from a sample with size n.
dsignrank(x, n, log = FALSE)
psignrank(q, n, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qsignrank(p, n, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
vector of quantiles.
vector of probabilities.
number of observations. If length(nn) > 1, the length
is taken to be the number required.
number(s) of observations in the sample(s). A positive
integer, or a vector of such integers.
logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p).
logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are
\(P[X \le x]\), otherwise, \(P[X > x]\).
dsignrank gives the density,
psignrank gives the distribution function,
qsignrank gives the quantile function, and
rsignrank generates random deviates.
The length of the result is determined by nn for
rsignrank, and is the maximum of the lengths of the
numerical arguments for the other functions.
The numerical arguments other than nn are recycled to the
length of the result. Only the first elements of the logical
arguments are used.
This distribution is obtained as follows. Let x be a sample of
size n from a continuous distribution symmetric about the
origin. Then the Wilcoxon signed rank statistic is the sum of the
ranks of the absolute values x[i] for which x[i] is
positive. This statistic takes values between \(0\) and
\(n(n+1)/2\), and its mean and variance are \(n(n+1)/4\) and
If either of the first two arguments is a vector, the recycling rule is
used to do the calculations for all combinations of the two up to
the length of the longer vector.
wilcox.test to calculate the statistic from data, find p
values and so on.
Distributions for standard distributions, including
dwilcox for the distribution of two-sample
Wilcoxon rank sum statistic.