```
# NOT RUN {
## -- lm() ------------------------------
lm1 <- lm(Fertility ~ . , data = swiss)
sigma(lm1) # ~= 7.165 = "Residual standard error" printed from summary(lm1)
stopifnot(all.equal(sigma(lm1), summary(lm1)$sigma, tol=1e-15))
## -- nls() -----------------------------
DNase1 <- subset(DNase, Run == 1)
fm.DN1 <- nls(density ~ SSlogis(log(conc), Asym, xmid, scal), DNase1)
sigma(fm.DN1) # ~= 0.01919 as from summary(..)
stopifnot(all.equal(sigma(fm.DN1), summary(fm.DN1)$sigma, tol=1e-15))
# }
# NOT RUN {
<!-- % example from ./predict.glm.R -->
# }
# NOT RUN {
## -- glm() -----------------------------
## -- a) Binomial -- Example from MASS
ldose <- rep(0:5, 2)
numdead <- c(1, 4, 9, 13, 18, 20, 0, 2, 6, 10, 12, 16)
sex <- factor(rep(c("M", "F"), c(6, 6)))
SF <- cbind(numdead, numalive = 20-numdead)
sigma(budworm.lg <- glm(SF ~ sex*ldose, family = binomial))
## -- b) Poisson -- from ?glm :
## Dobson (1990) Page 93: Randomized Controlled Trial :
counts <- c(18,17,15,20,10,20,25,13,12)
outcome <- gl(3,1,9)
treatment <- gl(3,3)
sigma(glm.D93 <- glm(counts ~ outcome + treatment, family = poisson()))
## (currently) *differs* from
summary(glm.D93)$dispersion # == 1
## and the *Quasi*poisson's dispersion
sigma(glm.qD93 <- update(glm.D93, family = quasipoisson()))
sigma (glm.qD93)^2 # 1.282285 is close, but not the same
summary(glm.qD93)$dispersion # == 1.2933
## -- Multivariate lm() "mlm" -----------
utils::example("SSD", echo=FALSE)
sigma(mlmfit) # is the same as {but more efficient than}
sqrt(diag(estVar(mlmfit)))
# }
```

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