stringi (version 1.2.2)

stri_enc_detect2: Detect Locale-Sensitive Character Encoding


This function tries to detect character encoding in case the language of text is known.


stri_enc_detect2(str, locale = NULL)



character vector, a raw vector, or a list of raw vectors


NULL or "" for default locale, NA for just checking the UTF-* family, or a single string with locale identifier.


Just like stri_enc_detect, this function returns a list of length equal to the length of str. Each list element is a data frame with the following three named components:

  • Encoding -- string; guessed encodings; NA on failure (iff encodings is empty),

  • Language -- always NA,

  • Confidence -- numeric in [0,1]; the higher the value, the more confidence there is in the match; NA on failure.

The guesses are ordered by decreasing confidence.


Vectorized over str.

First, the text is checked whether it is valid UTF-32BE, UTF-32LE, UTF-16BE, UTF-16LE, UTF-8 (as in stri_enc_detect, this slightly bases on ICU's i18n/csrucode.cpp, but we do it in our own way, however) or ASCII.

If locale is not NA and the above fails, the text is checked for the number of occurrences of language-specific code points (data provided by the ICU library) converted to all possible 8-bit encodings that fully cover the indicated language. The encoding is selected based on the greatest number of total byte hits.

The guess is of course imprecise, as it is obtained using statistics and heuristics. Because of this, detection works best if you supply at least a few hundred bytes of character data that's in a single language.

If you have no initial guess on language and encoding, try with stri_enc_detect (uses ICU facilities). However, it turns out that (empirically) stri_enc_detect2 works better than the ICU-based one if UTF-* text is provided. Try it yourself.

See Also

Other locale_sensitive: %s<%, stri_compare, stri_count_boundaries, stri_duplicated, stri_extract_all_boundaries, stri_locate_all_boundaries, stri_opts_collator, stri_order, stri_split_boundaries, stri_trans_tolower, stri_unique, stri_wrap, stringi-locale, stringi-search-boundaries, stringi-search-coll

Other encoding_detection: stri_enc_detect, stri_enc_isascii, stri_enc_isutf16be, stri_enc_isutf8, stringi-encoding