stri_enc_detect

0th

Percentile

Detect Character Set and Language

This function uses the ICU engine to determine the character set, or encoding, of character data in an unknown format.

Usage
stri_enc_detect(str, filter_angle_brackets = FALSE)
Arguments
str

character vector, a raw vector, or a list of raw vectors

filter_angle_brackets

logical; If filtering is enabled, text within angle brackets ("<" and ">") will be removed before detection, which will remove most HTML or XML markup.

Details

Vectorized over str and filter_angle_brackets.

This is, at best, an imprecise operation using statistics and heuristics. Because of this, detection works best if you supply at least a few hundred bytes of character data that's mostly in a single language. However, because the detection only looks at a limited amount of the input data, some of the returned charsets may fail to handle all of the input data. Note that in some cases, the language can be determined along with the encoding.

Several different techniques are used for character set detection. For multi-byte encodings, the sequence of bytes is checked for legible patterns. The detected characters are also checked against a list of frequently used characters in that encoding. For single byte encodings, the data is checked against a list of the most commonly occurring three letter groups for each language that can be written using that encoding.

The detection process can be configured to optionally ignore HTML or XML style markup (using ICU's internal facilities), which can interfere with the detection process by changing the statistics.

This function should most often be used for byte-marked input strings, especially after loading them from text files and before the main conversion with stri_encode. The input encoding is of course not taken into account here, even if marked.

The following table shows all the encodings that can be detected:

 Character_Set Languages UTF-8 -- UTF-16BE -- UTF-16LE -- UTF-32BE -- UTF-32LE -- Shift_JIS Japanese ISO-2022-JP Japanese ISO-2022-CN Simplified Chinese ISO-2022-KR Korean GB18030 Chinese Big5 Traditional Chinese EUC-JP Japanese EUC-KR Korean ISO-8859-1 Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish ISO-8859-2 Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian ISO-8859-5 Russian ISO-8859-6 Arabic ISO-8859-7 Greek ISO-8859-8 Hebrew ISO-8859-9 Turkish windows-1250 Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian windows-1251 Russian windows-1252 Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Swedish windows-1253 Greek windows-1254 Turkish windows-1255 Hebrew windows-1256 Arabic KOI8-R Russian IBM420 Arabic IBM424 Hebrew

If you have some initial guess at language and encoding, try with stri_enc_detect2.

Value

Returns a list of length equal to the length of str. Each list element is a data frame with the following three named vectors representing all guesses:

• Encoding -- string; guessed encodings; NA on failure,

• Language -- string; guessed languages; NA if the language could not be determined (e.g. in case of UTF-8),

• Confidence -- numeric in [0,1]; the higher the value, the more confidence there is in the match; NA on failure.

The guesses are ordered by decreasing confidence.

References

Character Set Detection -- ICU User Guide, http://userguide.icu-project.org/conversion/detection

Other encoding_detection: stri_enc_detect2, stri_enc_isascii, stri_enc_isutf16be, stri_enc_isutf8, stringi-encoding

Aliases
• stri_enc_detect
Examples
# NOT RUN {