taxalight :zap: :zap:

taxalight provides a lightweight, lightning fast query for resolving taxonomic identifiers to taxonomic names, and vice versa, by using a Lightning Memory Mapped Database backend. Compared to taxadb, it has few dependencies, fewer functions, and faster performance.

If you just need to resolve scientific names to identifiers and vice versa, taxalight is a fast and simple option. taxalight currently supports names from Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Catalogue of Life (COL), and Open Tree Taxonomy (OTT). Like taxadb, taxalight uses annual stable version snapshots from these providers and presents the naming data in the simple and consistent tabular format of the Darwin Core Standard.

Installation

You can install the released version of taxalight from CRAN with:

install.packages("taxalight")

And the development version from GitHub with:

# install.packages("devtools")
devtools::install_github("cboettig/taxalight")

Quickstart

taxalight needs to first download and import the provider naming databases. This can take a while, but needs to only be done once.

library(taxalight)
tl_create("itis")
#> 

Now we can look up species by names, IDs, or a mix. Even vernacular names can be recognized as key. Note that only exact matches are supported though! ITIS (itis) is the default provider, but GBIF, COL, OTT, and NCBI are also available.

tl("Homo sapiens", provider = "itis")
#> # A tibble: 30 x 14
#>    taxonID   scientificName  acceptedNameUsag… taxonomicStatus taxonRank kingdom
#>    <chr>     <chr>           <chr>             <chr>           <chr>     <chr>  
#>  1 ITIS:944… Homo aethiopic… ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  2 ITIS:944… Homo americanus ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  3 ITIS:944… Homo arabicus   ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  4 ITIS:944… Homo australas… ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  5 ITIS:944… Homo cafer      ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  6 ITIS:944… Homo capensis   ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  7 ITIS:944… Homo columbicus ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  8 ITIS:944… Homo drennani   ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#>  9 ITIS:944… Homo grimaldii  ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#> 10 ITIS:944… Homo hottentot… ITIS:180092       synonym         species   Animal…
#> # … with 20 more rows, and 8 more variables: phylum <chr>, class <chr>,
#> #   order <chr>, family <chr>, genus <chr>, specificEpithet <chr>,
#> #   infraspecificEpithet <lgl>, vernacularName <chr>
id <- c("ITIS:180092", "ITIS:179913", "Dendrocygna autumnalis", "Snow Goose",
        provider = "itis")
tl(id)
#> # A tibble: 6 x 14
#>   taxonID   scientificName    acceptedNameUsa… taxonomicStatus taxonRank kingdom
#>   <chr>     <chr>             <chr>            <chr>           <chr>     <chr>  
#> 1 ITIS:180… Homo sapiens      ITIS:180092      accepted        species   Animal…
#> 2 ITIS:179… Mammalia          ITIS:179913      accepted        class     <NA>   
#> 3 ITIS:175… Dendrocygna autu… ITIS:175044      accepted        species   Animal…
#> 4 ITIS:175… Anser caerulesce… ITIS:175038      synonym         species   Animal…
#> 5 ITIS:175… Anser hyperboreus ITIS:175038      synonym         species   Animal…
#> 6 ITIS:175… Chen caerulescens ITIS:175038      accepted        species   Animal…
#> # … with 8 more variables: phylum <chr>, class <chr>, order <chr>,
#> #   family <chr>, genus <chr>, specificEpithet <chr>,
#> #   infraspecificEpithet <lgl>, vernacularName <chr>

For convenience, we can request just the name or id as a character vector (paralleling functionality in taxize). If the name is recognized as an accepted name, the corresponding ID for the provider is returned.

get_ids("Homo sapiens")
#>  Homo sapiens 
#> "ITIS:180092"
get_names("ITIS:179913")
#> [1] "Mammalia"

Benchmarks

library(bench)
sp <- c("Dendrocygna autumnalis", "Dendrocygna bicolor",
        "Chen canagica",          "Chen caerulescens"     )
taxadb::td_create("itis", schema="dwc")
#> Registered S3 methods overwritten by 'readr':
#>   method           from 
#>   format.col_spec  vroom
#>   print.col_spec   vroom
#>   print.collector  vroom
#>   print.date_names vroom
#>   print.locale     vroom
#>   str.col_spec     vroom
#> Warning in overwrite_db(con, tablename): overwriting 2020_dwc_itis
#> Importing /home/cboettig/.local/share/R/contentid/data/ef/6a/ef6ae3b337be65c661d5e2d847613ebc955bb9d91d2d98d03cf8c53029cecc2a in 100000 line chunks:
#>  ...Done! (in 14.38502 secs)
bench::bench_time(
  df_tb <- taxadb::filter_name(sp, "itis")
)
#> process    real 
#>   2.81s   2.84s
df_tb
#> # A tibble: 4 x 17
#>    sort taxonID   scientificName     taxonRank acceptedNameUsag… taxonomicStatus
#>   <int> <chr>     <chr>              <chr>     <chr>             <chr>          
#> 1     1 ITIS:175… Dendrocygna autum… species   ITIS:175044       accepted       
#> 2     2 ITIS:175… Dendrocygna bicol… species   ITIS:175046       accepted       
#> 3     3 ITIS:175… Chen canagica      species   ITIS:175042       accepted       
#> 4     4 ITIS:175… Chen caerulescens  species   ITIS:175038       accepted       
#> # … with 11 more variables: update_date <chr>, kingdom <chr>, phylum <chr>,
#> #   class <chr>, order <chr>, family <chr>, genus <chr>, specificEpithet <chr>,
#> #   infraspecificEpithet <chr>, vernacularName <chr>, input <chr>
bench::bench_time(
  df_tl <- taxalight::tl(sp, "itis")
)
#> process    real 
#>  29.8ms  44.8ms
df_tl
#> # A tibble: 9 x 14
#>   taxonID  scientificName    acceptedNameUsag… taxonomicStatus taxonRank kingdom
#>   <chr>    <chr>             <chr>             <chr>           <chr>     <chr>  
#> 1 ITIS:17… Dendrocygna autu… ITIS:175044       accepted        species   Animal…
#> 2 ITIS:17… Dendrocygna bico… ITIS:175046       synonym         subspeci… Animal…
#> 3 ITIS:17… Dendrocygna bico… ITIS:175046       accepted        species   Animal…
#> 4 ITIS:17… Philacte canagica ITIS:175042       synonym         species   Animal…
#> 5 ITIS:17… Anser canagicus   ITIS:175042       synonym         species   Animal…
#> 6 ITIS:17… Chen canagica     ITIS:175042       accepted        species   Animal…
#> 7 ITIS:17… Anser caerulesce… ITIS:175038       synonym         species   Animal…
#> 8 ITIS:17… Anser hyperboreus ITIS:175038       synonym         species   Animal…
#> 9 ITIS:17… Chen caerulescens ITIS:175038       accepted        species   Animal…
#> # … with 8 more variables: phylum <chr>, class <chr>, order <chr>,
#> #   family <chr>, genus <chr>, specificEpithet <chr>,
#> #   infraspecificEpithet <lgl>, vernacularName <chr>
bench::bench_time(
  id_tb <- taxadb::get_ids(sp, "itis")
)
#> process    real 
#>   2.42s   2.54s
id_tb
#> Dendrocygna autumnalis    Dendrocygna bicolor          Chen canagica 
#>          "ITIS:175044"          "ITIS:175046"          "ITIS:175042" 
#>      Chen caerulescens 
#>          "ITIS:175038"
bench::bench_time(
  id_tl <- taxalight::get_ids(sp, "itis")
)
#> process    real 
#>  31.7ms    45ms
id_tl
#> Dendrocygna autumnalis    Dendrocygna bicolor          Chen canagica 
#>          "ITIS:175044"          "ITIS:175046"          "ITIS:175042" 
#>      Chen caerulescens 
#>          "ITIS:175038"

A provenance-backed data import

Under the hood, taxalight consumes a DCAT2/PROV-O based description of the data provenance which generates the standard-format tables imported by taxalight (and taxadb) from the original data published by the naming providers. All data and scripts are identified by content-based identifiers, which can be resolved by https://hash-archive.org or the R package, contentid. This provides several benefits over resolving data from a URL source:

  1. We have cryptographic certainty that we get the expected bytes every time
  2. We can automatically cache and reference a local copy. If the hash matches the requested identifier, then we don’t even need to check eTags or other indications that the version we have already is the right one.
  3. By registering multiple sources, the data can remain accessible even if one link rots away.

Input data and scripts for transforming the data into the desired format are similarly archived and referenced by content identifiers in the provenance trace.

Copy Link

Version

Down Chevron

Install

install.packages('taxalight')

Version

0.1.3

License

MIT + file LICENSE

Issues

Pull Requests

Stars

Forks

Maintainer

Last Published

March 13th, 2021

Functions in taxalight (0.1.3)