tmaptools (version 3.1-1)

geocode_OSM: Geocodes a location using OpenStreetMap Nominatim

Description

Geocodes a location (based on a search query) to coordinates and a bounding box. Similar to geocode from the ggmap package. It uses OpenStreetMap Nominatim. For processing large amount of queries, please read the usage policy (https://operations.osmfoundation.org/policies/nominatim/).

Usage

geocode_OSM(
  q,
  projection = NULL,
  return.first.only = TRUE,
  keep.unfound = FALSE,
  details = FALSE,
  as.data.frame = NA,
  as.sf = FALSE,
  geometry = c("point", "bbox"),
  server = "https://nominatim.openstreetmap.org"
)

Arguments

q

a character (vector) that specifies a search query. For instance "India" or "CBS Weg 11, Heerlen, Netherlands".

projection

projection in which the coordinates and bounding box are returned. See st_crs for details. By default latitude longitude coordinates (EPSG 4326).

return.first.only

Only return the first result

keep.unfound

Keep list items / data.frame rows with NAs for unfound search terms. By default FALSE

details

provide output details, other than the point coordinates and bounding box

as.data.frame

Return the output as a data.frame. If FALSE, a list is returned with at least two items: "coords", a vector containing the coordinates, and "bbox", the corresponding bounding box. By default false, unless q contains multiple queries. If as.sf = TRUE (see below), as.data.frame will set to TRUE.

as.sf

Return the output as sf object. If TRUE, return.first.only will be set to TRUE. Two geometry columns are added: bbox and point. The argument geometry determines which of them is set to the default geometry.

geometry

When as.sf, this argument determines which column (bbox or point) is set as geometry column. Note that the geometry can be changed afterwards with st_set_geometry.

server

OpenStreetMap Nominatim server name. Could also be a local OSM Nominatim server.

Value

If as.sf then a sf object is returned. Else, if as.data.frame, then a data.frame is returned, else a list.

See Also

rev_geocode_OSM, bb

Examples

# NOT RUN {
if (require(tmap)) {
    geocode_OSM("India")
    geocode_OSM("CBS Weg 1, Heerlen")
    geocode_OSM("CBS Weg 1, Heerlen", projection = 28992)

    data(metro)

    # sample 5 cities from the metro dataset
    five_cities <- metro[sample(length(metro), 5), ]

    # obtain geocode locations from their long names
    five_cities_geocode <- geocode_OSM(five_cities$name_long, as.sf = TRUE)

    # change to interactive mode
    current.mode <- tmap_mode("view")

    # plot metro coordinates in red and geocode coordinates in blue
    # zoom in to see the differences
    tm_shape(five_cities) +
    	tm_dots(col = "blue") +
    tm_shape(five_cities_geocode) +
    	tm_dots(col = "red")

    # restore current mode
    tmap_mode(current.mode)
}
# }