twidlr: consistent data.frame and formula API for models
twidlr is an R package that exposes a consistent API for model functions and their corresponding predict methods such that they are specified as:
fit <- model(data, formula, ...) predict(fit, data, ...)
Where "data" is a required data.frame (or able to be coerced to one) and "formula" is a formula (or string able to be coerced to one) that describes the model to be fitted.
twidlr gets its name from the "twiddle" used in R formulas.
twidlr is available to install from github by running:
# install.packages("devtools") devtools::install_github("drsimonj/twidlr")
library(twidlr) exposes model functions that you're already familiar with, but such that they accept a data.frame first, formula second, and then additional arguments. A robust method to
predict data is also exposed.
For example, a typical linear model would be
lm(hp ~ mpg * wt, mtcars, ...). Once
twidlr is loaded, the same model would be run via
lm(mtcars, hp ~ mpg * wt, ...).
Modelling in R is messy! Some models take formulas and data frames while others require matrices and vectors. The same can be said of corresponding
predict() methods, which can also be impure, returning unexpected or inconsistent results.
twidlr seeks to overcome these problems be providing:
- Consistent API for model functions and their corresponding
predictmethods (helping to improve the generality of tidy modelling packages like piplearner)
- Pure and available predictions by way of
predictbeing made available for all methods (including unsupervised algorithms like kmeans) and making "data" a required argument
- Tidyverse philosophy by working with data frames and being pipeable such as
mtcars %>% lm(hp ~ wt)
- Leverage formula operators where they may be valid but not originally available. For example, to specify select variables or include additional terms like interactions and dummy-coded variables with syntax such as
glmnet(iris, Sepal.Width ~ Petal.Width * Petal.Length + Species). Formulas created as strings can always be used too!
Model functions exposed by twidlr:
|quantreg||crq, nlrq, rq, rqss|
|stats||aov, factanal, glm, kmeans, lm, prcomp, t.test (now 'ttest')|
For conventions and best-practices when contributing to twidlr, please see CONTRIBUTING.md