roman

0th

Percentile

Roman Numerals

Simple manipulation of (a small set of) integer numbers as roman numerals.

Keywords
arith
Usage
as.roman(x)
.romans

r1 + r2
r1 <= r2="" max(r1)="" sum(r2)="" <="" code="">
Arguments
x

a numeric or character vector of arabic or roman numerals.

r1, r2

a roman number vector, i.e., of class "roman".

Details

as.roman creates objects of class "roman" which are internally represented as integers, and have suitable methods for printing, formatting, subsetting, coercion, etc, see methods(class = "roman").

Arithmetic ("Arith"), Comparison ("Compare") and ("Logic"), i.e., all "Ops" group operations work as for regular numbers via R's integer functionality.

Only numbers between 1 and 3899 have a unique representation as roman numbers, and hence others result in as.roman(NA).

.romans is the basic dictionary, a named character vector.

References

Wikipedia contributors (2006). Roman numerals. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roman_numerals&oldid=78252134. Accessed September 29, 2006.

Aliases
• as.roman
• .romans
• Ops.roman
• Summary.roman
Examples
library(utils) # NOT RUN { ## First five roman 'numbers'. (y <- as.roman(1 : 5)) ## Middle one. y ## Current year as a roman number. (y <- as.roman(format(Sys.Date(), "%Y"))) ## Today, and 10, 20, 30, and 100 years ago ... y - 10*c(0:3,10) # } # NOT RUN { ## mixture of arabic and roman numbers : as.roman(c(NA, 1:3, "", strrep("I", 1:6))) # + NA with a warning for "IIIIII" cc <- c(NA, 1:3, strrep("I", 0:5)) (rc <- as.roman(cc)) # two NAs: 0 is not "roman" (ic <- as.integer(rc)) # works automatically [without an explicit method] rNA <- as.roman(NA) ## simple consistency checks -- arithmetic when result is in {1,2,..,3899} : stopifnot(identical(rc, as.roman(rc)), # as.roman(.) is "idempotent" identical(rc + rc + (3*rc), rc*5), identical(ic, c(NA, 1:3, NA, 1:5)), identical(as.integer(5*rc), 5L*ic), identical(as.numeric(rc), as.numeric(ic)), identical(rc, rNA), identical(as.roman(0), rNA), identical(as.roman(NA_character_), rNA), identical(as.list(rc), as.list(ic))) ## Non-Arithmetic 'Ops' : stopifnot(exprs = { # Comparisons : identical(ic < 1:5, rc < 1:5) identical(ic < 1:5, rc < as.roman(1:5)) # Logic [integers |-> logical] : identical(rc & TRUE , ic & TRUE) identical(rc & FALSE, ic & FALSE) identical(rc | FALSE, ic | FALSE) identical(rc | NA , ic | NA) }) ## 'Summary' group functions (and comparison): (rc. <- rc[!is.na(rc)]) stopifnot(exprs = { identical(min(rc), as.roman(NA)) identical(min(rc, na.rm=TRUE), as.roman(min(ic, na.rm=TRUE))) identical(range(rc.), as.roman(range(as.integer(rc.)))) identical(sum (rc, na.rm=TRUE), as.roman("XXI")) identical(format(prod(rc, na.rm=TRUE)), "DCCXX") format(prod(rc.)) == "DCCXX" }) # }
Documentation reproduced from package utils, version 3.6.1, License: Part of R 3.6.1

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