# findLineNum

0th

Percentile

##### Find the Location of a Line of Source Code, or Set a Breakpoint There

These functions locate objects containing particular lines of source code, using the information saved when the code was parsed with keep.source = TRUE.

Keywords
debugging
##### Usage
findLineNum(srcfile, line, nameonly = TRUE,
envir = parent.frame(), lastenv)setBreakpoint(srcfile, line, nameonly = TRUE,
envir = parent.frame(), lastenv, verbose = TRUE,
tracer, print = FALSE, clear = FALSE, ...)
##### Arguments
srcfile

The name of the file containing the source code.

line

The line number within the file. See Details for an alternate way to specify this.

nameonly

If TRUE (the default), we require only a match to basename(srcfile), not to the full path.

envir

Where do we start looking for function objects?

lastenv

Where do we stop? See the Details.

verbose

Should we print information on where breakpoints were set?

tracer

An optional tracer function to pass to trace. By default, a call to browser is inserted.

print

The print argument to pass to trace.

clear

If TRUE, call untrace rather than trace.

Additional arguments to pass to trace.

##### Details

The findLineNum function searches through all objects in environment envir, its parent, grandparent, etc., all the way back to lastenv.

lastenv defaults to the global environment if envir is not specified, and to the root environment emptyenv() if envir is specified. (The first default tends to be quite fast, and will usually find all user code other than S4 methods; the second one is quite slow, as it will typically search all attached system libraries.)

For convenience, envir may be specified indirectly: if it is not an environment, it will be replaced with environment(envir).

setBreakpoint is a simple wrapper function for trace and untrace. It will set or clear breakpoints at the locations found by findLineNum.

The srcfile is normally a filename entered as a character string, but it may be a "srcfile" object, or it may include a suffix like "filename.R#nn", in which case the number nn will be used as a default value for line.

As described in the description of the where argument on the man page for trace, the R package system uses a complicated scheme that may include more than one copy of a function in a package. The user will typically see the public one on the search path, while code in the package will see a private one in the package namespace. If you set envir to the environment of a function in the package, by default findLineNum will find both versions, and setBreakpoint will set the breakpoint in both. (This can be controlled using lastenv; e.g., envir = environment(foo), lastenv = globalenv() will find only the private copy, as the search is stopped before seeing the public copy.)

S version 4 methods are also somewhat tricky to find. They are stored with the generic function, which may be in the base or other package, so it is usually necessary to have lastenv = emptyenv() in order to find them. In some cases transformations are done by R when storing them and findLineNum may not be able to find the original code. Many special cases, e.g.methods on primitive generics, are not yet supported.

##### Value

findLineNum returns a list of objects containing location information. A print method is defined for them.

setBreakpoint has no useful return value; it is called for the side effect of calling trace or untrace.

trace
library(utils) # NOT RUN { # Find what function was defined in the file mysource.R at line 100: findLineNum("mysource.R#100") # Set a breakpoint in both copies of that function, assuming one is in the # same namespace as myfunction and the other is on the search path setBreakpoint("mysource.R#100", envir = myfunction) # }