Convert a data object to logical, integer, numeric, complex, character or factor as appropriate.

```
type.convert(x, …)
# S3 method for default
type.convert(x, na.strings = "NA", as.is = FALSE, dec = ".",
numerals = c("allow.loss", "warn.loss", "no.loss"), …)
# S3 method for data.frame
type.convert(x, …)
# S3 method for list
type.convert(x, …)
```

x

a vector, matrix, array, data frame, or list.

na.strings

a vector of strings which are to be interpreted as
`NA`

values. Blank fields are also considered to be
missing values in logical, integer, numeric or complex vectors.

as.is

whether to convert factors to character vectors. The default is to convert character vectors to factors. See ‘Details’.

dec

the character to be assumed for decimal points.

numerals

string indicating how to convert numbers whose
conversion to double precision would lose accuracy, typically when
`x`

has more digits than can be stored in a `double`

.
Can be abbreviated. Possible values are

`numerals = "allow.loss"`

, default:the conversion happens with some accuracy loss. This was the behavior of R versions 3.0.3 and earlier, and the default from 3.1.1 onwards.

`numerals = "warn.loss"`

:a

`warning`

about accuracy loss is signalled and the conversion happens as with`numerals = "allow.loss"`

.`numerals = "no.loss"`

:`x`

is*not*converted to a number, but to a`factor`

or`character`

, depending on`as.is`

. This was the behavior of R version 3.1.0.

…

arguments to be passed to or from methods.

An object like `x`

but using another storage mode when
appropriate.

This helper function is used by `read.table`

. When the
data object `x`

is a data frame or list, the function is called
recursively for each column or list element.

Given a vector, the function attempts to convert it to logical,
integer, numeric or complex, and failing that converts a character
vector to factor unless `as.is = TRUE`

. The first type that can
accept all the non-missing values is chosen.

Vectors which are entirely missing values are converted to logical,
since `NA`

is primarily logical.

Vectors containing just `F`

, `T`

, `FALSE`

, `TRUE`

and values from `na.strings`

are converted to logical. Vectors
containing optional whitespace followed by decimal constants
representable as R integers or values from `na.strings`

are
converted to integer. Other vectors containing optional whitespace
followed by other decimal or hexadecimal constants (see
NumericConstants), or `NaN`

, `Inf`

or `infinity`

(ignoring case) or values from `na.strings`

are converted to
numeric. Where converting inputs to numeric or complex would result
in loss of accuracy they can optionally be returned as strings (for
`as.is = TRUE`

) or factors.

Since this is a helper function, the caller should always pass an
appropriate value of `as.is`

.

# NOT RUN { ## Numeric to integer class(rivers) x <- type.convert(rivers) class(x) ## Convert many columns auto <- type.convert(mtcars) str(mtcars) str(auto) ## Convert matrix phones <- type.convert(WorldPhones) storage.mode(WorldPhones) storage.mode(phones) ## Factor or character chr <- c("A", "B", "B", "A") fac <- factor(c("A", "B", "B", "A")) type.convert(chr) # -> factor type.convert(fac) # -> factor type.convert(chr, as.is = TRUE) # -> character type.convert(fac, as.is = TRUE) # -> character # }

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