virtuoso v0.1.5


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Interface to 'Virtuoso' using 'ODBC'

Provides users with a simple and convenient mechanism to manage and query a 'Virtuoso' database using the 'DBI' (Data-Base Interface) compatible 'ODBC' (Open Database Connectivity) interface. 'Virtuoso' is a high-performance "universal server," which can act as both a relational database, supporting standard Structured Query Language ('SQL') queries, while also supporting data following the Resource Description Framework ('RDF') model for Linked Data. 'RDF' data can be queried using 'SPARQL' ('SPARQL' Protocol and 'RDF' Query Language) queries, a graph-based query that supports semantic reasoning. This allows users to leverage the performance of local or remote 'Virtuoso' servers using popular 'R' packages such as 'DBI' and 'dplyr', while also providing a high-performance solution for working with large 'RDF' 'triplestores' from 'R.' The package also provides helper routines to install, launch, and manage a 'Virtuoso' server locally on 'Mac', 'Windows' and 'Linux' platforms using the standard interactive installers from the 'R' command-line. By automatically handling these setup steps, the package can make using 'Virtuoso' considerably faster and easier for a most users to deploy in a local environment. Managing the bulk import of triples from common serializations with a single intuitive command is another key feature of this package. Bulk import performance can be tens to hundreds of times faster than the comparable imports using existing 'R' tools, including 'rdflib' and 'redland' packages.



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status Build
status Coverage
status CRAN
status Peer

The goal of virtuoso is to provide an easy interface to Virtuoso RDF database from R.


You can install the development version of virtuoso from GitHub with:


Getting Started


For Mac users, virtuoso package includes a utility function to install and configure a local Virtuoso Open Source instance using Homebrew. Otherwise, simply install the Virtuoso Open Source edition for your operating system.

#> Virtuoso is already installed.

We can now start our Virtuoso server from R:

#> PROCESS 'virtuoso-t', running, pid 14318.
#> Server is now starting up, this may take a few seconds...
#> latest log entry: 21:43:06 Server online at 1111 (pid 14318)

Once the server is running, we can connect to the database.

con <- vos_connect()

Our connection is now live, and accepts SPARQL queries directly.

DBI::dbGetQuery(con, "SPARQL SELECT * WHERE { ?s ?p ?o } LIMIT 4")
#>                                                                              s
#> 1         
#> 2
#> 3
#> 4
#>                                                 p
#> 1
#> 2
#> 3
#> 4
#>                                                         o
#> 1
#> 2
#> 3
#> 4


virtuoso also provides wrappers around some common queries to make it easier to work with Virtuoso and RDF.

The bulk loader can be used to quickly import existing sets of triples.

example <- system.file("extdata", "person.nq", package = "virtuoso")
vos_import(con, example)

Can also read in compressed formats as well. Remember to set the pattern match appropriately. This is convenient because N-Quads compress particularly well, often by a factor of 20 (or rather, can be particularly large when uncompressed, owing to the repeated property and subject URIs).

ex <- system.file("extdata", "library.nq.gz", package = "virtuoso")
vos_import(con, ex)

vos_import invisibly returns a table of the loaded files, with error message and loading times. If a file cannot be imported, an error message is returned:

bad_file <- system.file("extdata", "bad_quads.nq", package = "virtuoso")
vos_import(con, bad_file)
#> Error: Error importing: bad_quads.nq 37000 SP029: NQuads RDF loader, line 2: Undefined namespace prefix at ITIS:1000000

We can now query the imported data using SPARQL.

df <- vos_query(con, 
"SELECT ?p ?o 
 WHERE { ?s ?p ?o .
        ?s a <>
#>                                                 p                        o
#> 1
#> 2                            Professor
#> 3                                 Jane Doe
#> 4                      (425) 123-4567
#> 5                 
"SELECT ?p ?o 
 WHERE { ?s ?p ?o .
        ?s a <>
#>                                                 p
#> 1
#> 2
#> 3 
#>                                          o
#> 1
#> 2 An introductory chapter on The Republic.
#> 3                         The Introduction

Server controls

We can control any virtuoso server started with vos_start() using a series of helper commands.

#> latest log entry: 21:43:06 PL LOG: No more files to load. Loader has finished,
#> [1] "sleeping"

Advanced usage note: vos_start() invisibly returns a processx object which we can pass to other server control functions, or access the embedded processx control methods directly. The virtuoso package also caches this object in an environment so that it can be accessed directly without having to keep track of an object in the global environment. Use vos_process() to return the processx object. For example:

p <- vos_process()
#> [1] TRUE
#>            user          system   children_user children_system 
#>            1.61            0.29            0.00            0.00

Going further

Please see the package vignettes for more information:

Please note that the virtuoso R package is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.


Functions in virtuoso

Name Description
vos_install Helper method for installing Virtuoso Server
vos_status Query the server status
vos_uninstall Uninstall Virtuoso
vos_odbcinst Configure the ODBC Driver for Virtuoso
vos_log Query the server logs
vos_set_paths set Virtuoso paths
vos_start Start a Virtuoso Server
vos_query Run a SPARQL query
vos_process Return a handle to an existing Virtuoso Process
vos_import Bulk Import of RDF triples
vos_kill Stop (kill) the Virtuoso server
vos_list_graphs List graphs
vos_delete_db Delete Virtuoso Database
vos_configure Configure Virtuoso Server ini file
vos_destroy_all Destroy all Virtuoso's directories
vos_connect Connect to a Virtuoso Server over ODBC
has_virtuoso check for Virtuoso
virtuoso-package virtuoso: An R Interface to Virtuoso Using ODBC
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Vignettes of virtuoso

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Last month downloads


Type Package
License MIT + file LICENSE
Encoding UTF-8
LazyData true
RoxygenNote 7.1.1
VignetteBuilder knitr
Language en-US
SystemRequirements virtuoso-opensource (Linux). For Mac & Windows, this package can automate Virtuoso installation.
NeedsCompilation no
Packaged 2020-08-30 02:36:30 UTC; cboettig
Repository CRAN
Date/Publication 2020-09-01 08:40:03 UTC

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