xtable

0th

Percentile

Create Export Tables

Convert an R object to an xtable object, which can then be printed as a LaTeX or HTML table.

Keywords
file
Usage
xtable(x, caption = NULL, label = NULL, align = NULL, digits = NULL,
       display = NULL, auto = FALSE, ...)
Arguments
x

An R object of class found among methods(xtable). See below on how to write additional method functions for xtable.

caption

Character vector of length 1 or 2 containing the table's caption or title. If length is 2, the second item is the "short caption" used when LaTeX generates a "List of Tables". Set to NULL to suppress the caption. Default value is NULL.

label

Character vector of length 1 containing the LaTeX label or HTML anchor. Set to NULL to suppress the label. Default value is NULL.

align

Character vector of length equal to the number of columns of the resulting table, indicating the alignment of the corresponding columns. Also, "|" may be used to produce vertical lines between columns in LaTeX tables, but these are effectively ignored when considering the required length of the supplied vector. If a character vector of length one is supplied, it is split as strsplit(align, "")[[1]] before processing. Since the row names are printed in the first column, the length of align is one greater than ncol(x) if x is a data.frame. Use "l", "r", and "c" to denote left, right, and center alignment, respectively. Use "p{3cm}" etc. for a LaTeX column of the specified width. For HTML output the "p" alignment is interpreted as "l", ignoring the width request. Default depends on the class of x.

digits

Numeric vector of length equal to one (in which case it will be replicated as necessary) or to the number of columns of the resulting table or matrix of the same size as the resulting table, indicating the number of digits to display in the corresponding columns. Since the row names are printed in the first column, the length of the vector digits or the number of columns of the matrix digits is one greater than ncol(x) if x is a data.frame. Default depends on the class of x. If values of digits are negative, the corresponding values of x are displayed in scientific format with abs(digits) digits.

display

Character vector of length equal to the number of columns of the resulting table, indicating the format for the corresponding columns. Since the row names are printed in the first column, the length of display is one greater than ncol(x) if x is a data.frame. These values are passed to the formatC function. Use "d" (for integers), "f", "e", "E", "g", "G", "fg" (for reals), or "s" (for strings). "f" gives numbers in the usual xxx.xxx format; "e" and "E" give n.ddde+nn or n.dddE+nn (scientific format); "g" and "G" put x[i] into scientific format only if it saves space to do so. "fg" uses fixed format as "f", but digits as number of significant digits. Note that this can lead to quite long result strings. Default depends on the class of x.

auto

Logical, indicating whether to apply automatic format when no value is passed to align, digits, or display. This ‘autoformat’ (based on xalign, xdigits, and xdisplay) can be useful to quickly format a typical matrix or data.frame. Default value is FALSE.

...

Additional arguments. (Currently ignored.)

Details

This function extracts tabular information from x and returns an object of class "xtable". The nature of the table generated depends on the class of x. For example, aov objects produce ANOVA tables while data.frame objects produce a table of the entire data frame. One can optionally provide a caption or label (called an anchor in HTML), as well as formatting specifications. Default values for align, digits, and display are class dependent.

The available method functions for xtable are given by methods(xtable). Users can extend the list of available classes by writing methods for the generic function xtable. These methods functions should have x as their first argument, with additional arguments to specify caption, label, align, digits, and display. Optionally, other arguments may be passed to specify how the object x should be manipulated. All method functions should return an object whose class is c("xtable","data.frame"). The resulting object can have attributes caption and label, but must have attributes align, digits, and display.

Value

For most xtable methods, an object of class "xtable" which inherits the data.frame class and contains several additional attributes specifying the table formatting options.

See Also

print.xtable, caption, label, align, digits, display, autoformat, xalign, xdigits, xdisplay, xtableMatharray, xtableList

Aliases
  • xtable
  • xtable.anova
  • xtable.aov
  • xtable.aovlist
  • xtable.data.frame
  • xtable.glm
  • xtable.lm
  • xtable.matrix
  • xtable.xtableMatharray
  • xtable.prcomp
  • xtable.coxph
  • xtable.summary.aov
  • xtable.summary.aovlist
  • xtable.summary.glm
  • xtable.summary.lm
  • xtable.summary.prcomp
  • xtable.ts
  • xtable.table
  • xtable.zoo
  • xtable.sarlm
  • xtable.summary.sarlm
  • xtable.gmsar
  • xtable.summary.gmsar
  • xtable.stsls
  • xtable.summary.stsls
  • xtable.sarlm.pred
  • xtable.lagImpact
  • xtable.splm
  • xtable.summary.splm
  • xtable.sphet
  • xtable.summary.sphet
  • xtable.spautolm
  • xtable.summary.spautolm
Examples
# NOT RUN {
## Load example dataset
data(tli)

## Demonstrate data.frame
tli.table <- xtable(tli[1:20, ])
print(tli.table)
print(tli.table, type = "html")
xtable(mtcars)
xtable(mtcars, auto = TRUE)

## Demonstrate data.frame with different digits in cells
tli.table <- xtable(tli[1:20, ])
display(tli.table)[c(2,6)] <- "f"
digits(tli.table) <- matrix(0:4, nrow = 20, ncol = ncol(tli)+1)
print(tli.table)
print(tli.table, type = "html")

## Demonstrate matrix
design.matrix <- model.matrix(~ sex*grade, data = tli[1:20, ])
design.table <- xtable(design.matrix, auto = TRUE)
print(design.table)
print(design.table, type = "html")

## Demonstrate aov
fm1 <- aov(tlimth ~ sex + ethnicty + grade + disadvg, data = tli)
fm1.table <- xtable(fm1)
print(fm1.table)
print(fm1.table, type = "html")

## Demonstrate lm
fm2 <- lm(tlimth ~ sex*ethnicty, data = tli)
fm2.table <- xtable(fm2)
print(fm2.table)
print(fm2.table, type = "html")
print(xtable(anova(fm2)))
print(xtable(anova(fm2)), type = "html")
fm2b <- lm(tlimth ~ ethnicty, data = tli)
print(xtable(anova(fm2b, fm2)))
print(xtable(anova(fm2b, fm2)), type = "html")

## Demonstrate glm
fm3 <- glm(disadvg ~ ethnicty*grade, data = tli, family = binomial())
fm3.table <- xtable(fm3)
print(fm3.table)
print(fm3.table, type = "html")
print(xtable(anova(fm3)))
print(xtable(anova(fm3)), type = "html")

## Demonstrate aov
## Taken from help(aov) in R 1.1.1
## From Venables and Ripley (1997) p.210.
N <- c(0,1,0,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,1,1,0,0)
P <- c(1,1,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,1,0,0,0,1,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,1,0)
K <- c(1,0,0,1,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,1,0)
yield <- c(49.5,62.8,46.8,57.0,59.8,58.5,55.5,56.0,62.8,55.8,69.5,55.0,
           62.0,48.8,45.5,44.2,52.0,51.5,49.8,48.8,57.2,59.0,53.2,56.0)
npk <- data.frame(block = gl(6,4), N = factor(N), P = factor(P),
                  K = factor(K), yield = yield)
npk.aov <- aov(yield ~ block + N*P*K, npk)
op <- options(contrasts = c("contr.helmert", "contr.treatment"))
npk.aovE <- aov(yield ~  N*P*K + Error(block), npk)
options(op)

summary(npk.aov)
print(xtable(npk.aov))
print(xtable(anova(npk.aov)))
print(xtable(summary(npk.aov)))

summary(npk.aovE)
print(xtable(npk.aovE), type = "html")
print(xtable(summary(npk.aovE)), type = "html")

## Demonstrate lm
## Taken from help(lm) in R 1.1.1
## Annette Dobson (1990) "An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models".
## Page 9: Plant Weight Data.
ctl <- c(4.17,5.58,5.18,6.11,4.50,4.61,5.17,4.53,5.33,5.14)
trt <- c(4.81,4.17,4.41,3.59,5.87,3.83,6.03,4.89,4.32,4.69)
group <- gl(2,10,20, labels = c("Ctl","Trt"))
weight <- c(ctl, trt)
lm.D9 <- lm(weight ~ group)
print(xtable(lm.D9))
print(xtable(anova(lm.D9)))

## Demonstrate glm
## Taken from help(glm) in R 1.1.1
## Annette Dobson (1990) "An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models".
## Page 93: Randomized Controlled Trial :
counts <- c(18,17,15,20,10,20,25,13,12)
outcome <- gl(3,1,9)
treatment <- gl(3,3)
d.AD <- data.frame(treatment, outcome, counts)
glm.D93 <- glm(counts ~ outcome + treatment, family = poisson())
print(xtable(glm.D93, align = "r|llrc"))
print(xtable(anova(glm.D93)), hline.after = c(1), size = "small")

## Demonstration of additional formatC() arguments.
print(fm1.table, format.args = list(big.mark = "'", decimal.mark = ","))

## Demonstration of "short caption" support.
fm1sc <- aov(tlimth ~ sex + ethnicty + grade, data = tli)
fm1sc.table <- xtable(fm1sc,
  caption = c("ANOVA Model with Predictors Sex, Ethnicity, and Grade",
    "ANOVA: Sex, Ethnicity, Grade"))
print(fm1sc.table)

## Demonstration of longtable support.
## Remember to insert \usepackage{longtable} on your LaTeX preamble
x <- matrix(rnorm(1000), ncol = 10)
x.big <- xtable(x, label = 'tabbig',
                caption = 'Example of longtable spanning several pages')
print(x.big, tabular.environment = 'longtable', floating = FALSE)
x <- x[1:30, ]
x.small <- xtable(x, label = 'tabsmall', caption = 'regular table env')
print(x.small)  # default, no longtable

## Demonstration of sidewaystable support.
## Remember to insert \usepackage{rotating} on your LaTeX preamble
print(x.small, floating.environment = 'sidewaystable')

if(require(stats, quietly = TRUE)) {
  ## Demonstrate prcomp
  ## Taken from help(prcomp) in mva package of R 1.1.1
  data(USArrests)
  pr1 <- prcomp(USArrests)
  print(xtable(pr1))
  print(xtable(summary(pr1)))

#  ## Demonstrate princomp
#  ## Taken from help(princomp) in mva package of R 1.1.1
#  pr2 <- princomp(USArrests)
#  print(xtable(pr2))
}

## Demonstrate include.rownames, include.colnames,
## only.contents and add.to.row arguments
set.seed(2345)
res <- matrix(sample(0:9, size = 6*9, replace = TRUE), ncol = 6, nrow = 9)
xres <- xtable(res)
digits(xres) <- rep(0, 7)
addtorow <- list()
addtorow$pos <- list()
addtorow$pos[[1]] <- c(0, 2)
addtorow$pos[[2]] <- 4
addtorow$command <- c('\vspace{2mm} \n', '\vspace{10mm} \n')
print(xres, add.to.row = addtorow, include.rownames = FALSE,
      include.colnames = TRUE, only.contents = TRUE,
      hline.after = c(0, 0, 9, 9))

## Demonstrate include.rownames, include.colnames,
## only.contents and add.to.row arguments in Rweave files

# }
# NOT RUN {
 \begin{small}
 \setlongtables <!-- % For longtable version 3.x or less -->
 \begin{longtable}{
 <<results = tex, fig = FALSE>>=
 cat(paste(c('c', rep('cc', 34/2-1), 'c'), collapse = '@{\hspace{2pt}}'))
 @
 }
 \hline
 \endhead
 \hline
 \endfoot
 <<results = tex, fig = FALSE>>=
 library(xtable)
 set.seed(2345)
 res <- matrix(sample(0:9, size = 34*90, replace = TRUE), ncol = 34, nrow = 90)
 xres <- xtable(res)
 digits(xres) <- rep(0, 35)
 addtorow <- list()
 addtorow$pos <- list()
 addtorow$pos[[1]] <- c(seq(4, 40, 5), seq(49, 85, 5))
 addtorow$pos[[2]] <- 45
 addtorow$command <- c('\vspace{2mm} \n', '\newpage \n')
 print(xres, add.to.row = addtorow, include.rownames = FALSE,
       include.colnames = FALSE, only.contents = TRUE, hline.after = NULL)
 @
 \end{longtable}
 \end{small}
# }
# NOT RUN {
## Demonstrate sanitization
mat <- round(matrix(c(0.9, 0.89, 200, 0.045, 2.0), c(1, 5)), 4)
rownames(mat) <- "$y_{t-1}$"
colnames(mat) <- c("$R^2$", "$\\bar{R}^2$", "F-stat", "S.E.E", "DW")
print(xtable(mat), type = "latex", sanitize.text.function = function(x){x})

## Demonstrate booktabs
print(tli.table)
print(tli.table, hline.after = c(-1,0))
print(tli.table, hline.after = NULL)
print(tli.table,
      add.to.row = list(pos = list(2), command = c("\vspace{2mm} \n")))

print(tli.table, booktabs = TRUE)
print(tli.table, booktabs = TRUE, hline.after = c(-1,0))
print(tli.table, booktabs = TRUE, hline.after = NULL)
print(tli.table, booktabs = TRUE,
  add.to.row = list(pos = list(2), command = c("\vspace{2mm} \n")))
print(tli.table, booktabs = TRUE, add.to.row = list(pos = list(2),
  command = c("youhou\n")), tabular.environment = "longtable")

# }
# NOT RUN {
# }
Documentation reproduced from package xtable, version 1.8-3, License: GPL (>= 2)

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