# subplot

##### Embed a new plot within an existing plot

Subplot will embed a new plot within an existing plot at the coordinates specified (in user units of the existing plot).

##### Usage

`subplot(fun, x, y, size=c(1,1), vadj=0.5, hadj=0.5, pars=NULL)`

##### Arguments

- fun
an expression or function defining the new plot to be embedded.

- x
`x`

-coordinate(s) of the new plot (in user coordinates of the existing plot).- y
`y`

-coordinate(s) of the new plot,`x`

and`y`

can be specified in any of the ways understood by`xy.coords`

.- size
The size of the embedded plot in inches if

`x`

and`y`

have length 1.- vadj
vertical adjustment of the plot when

`y`

is a scalar, the default is to center vertically, 0 means place the bottom of the plot at`y`

, 1 places the top of the plot at`y`

.- hadj
horizontal adjustment of the plot when

`x`

is a scalar, the default is to center horizontally, 0 means place the left edge of the plot at`x`

, and 1 means place the right edge of the plot at`x`

.- pars
a list of parameters to be passed to

`par`

before running`fun`

.

##### Details

The coordinates `x`

and `y`

can be scalars or vectors of
length 2. If vectors of length 2 then they determine the opposite
corners of the rectangle for the embedded plot (and the parameters
`size`

, `vadj`

, and `hadj`

are all ignored.

If `x`

and `y`

are given as scalars then the plot position
relative to the point and the size of the plot will be determined by
the arguments `size`

, `vadj`

, and `hadj`

. The default
is to center a 1 inch by 1 inch plot at `x,y`

. Setting
`vadj`

and `hadj`

to `(0,0)`

will position the lower
left corner of the plot at `(x,y)`

.

The rectangle defined by `x`

, `y`

, `size`

, `vadj`

,
and `hadj`

will be used as the plotting area of the new plot.
Any tick marks, axis labels, main and sub titles will be outside of
this rectangle.

Any graphical parameter settings that you would like to be in place
before `fun`

is evaluated can be specified in the `pars`

argument (warning: specifying layout parameters here (`plt`

,
`mfrow`

, etc.) may cause unexpected results).

After the function completes the graphical parameters will have been reset to what they were before calling the function (so you can continue to augment the original plot).

##### Value

An invisible list with the graphical parameters that were in effect
when the subplot was created. Passing this list to `par`

will
enable you to augment the embedded plot.

##### See Also

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
# make an original plot
plot( 11:20, sample(51:60) )
# add some histograms
subplot( hist(rnorm(100)), 15, 55)
subplot( hist(runif(100),main='',xlab='',ylab=''), 11, 51, hadj=0, vadj=0)
subplot( hist(rexp(100, 1/3)), 20, 60, hadj=1, vadj=1, size=c(0.5,2) )
subplot( hist(rt(100,3)), c(12,16), c(57,59), pars=list(lwd=3,ask=FALSE) )
tmp <- rnorm(25)
qqnorm(tmp)
qqline(tmp)
tmp2 <- subplot( hist(tmp,xlab='',ylab='',main=''),
cnvrt.coords(0.1,0.9,'plt')$usr, vadj=1, hadj=0 )
abline(v=0, col='red') # wrong way to add a reference line to histogram
# right way to add a reference line to histogram
op <- par(no.readonly=TRUE)
par(tmp2)
abline(v=0, col='green')
par(op)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package Hmisc, version 4.3-0, License: GPL (>= 2)*