Luminescence (version 0.8.6)

CW2pLMi: Transform a CW-OSL curve into a pLM-OSL curve via interpolation under linear modulation conditions


Transforms a conventionally measured continuous-wave (CW) OSL-curve into a pseudo linearly modulated (pLM) curve under linear modulation conditions using the interpolation procedure described by Bos & Wallinga (2012).


CW2pLMi(values, P)



'>RLum.Data.Curve or data.frame (required): '>RLum.Data.Curve or data.frame with measured curve data of type stimulation time (t) (values[,1]) and measured counts (cts) (values[,2])


vector (optional): stimulation time in seconds. If no value is given the optimal value is estimated automatically (see details). Greater values of P produce more points in the rising tail of the curve.


The function returns the same data type as the input data type with the transformed curve values.


$CW2pLMi.x.t : transformed time values

Function version

0.3.1 (2018-01-21 17:22:38)

How to cite

Kreutzer, S. (2018). CW2pLMi(): Transform a CW-OSL curve into a pLM-OSL curve via interpolation under linear modulation conditions. Function version 0.3.1. In: Kreutzer, S., Burow, C., Dietze, M., Fuchs, M.C., Schmidt, C., Fischer, M., Friedrich, J. (2018). Luminescence: Comprehensive Luminescence Dating Data Analysis. R package version 0.8.6.


The complete procedure of the transformation is given in Bos & Wallinga (2012). The input data.frame consists of two columns: time (t) and count values (CW(t))


  • P = stimulation time (s)

  • 1/P = stimulation rate (1/s)

Internal transformation steps

(1) log(CW-OSL) values

(2) Calculate t' which is the transformed time: $$t' = 1/2*1/P*t^2$$

(3) Interpolate CW(t'), i.e. use the log(CW(t)) to obtain the count values for the transformed time (t'). Values beyond min(t) and max(t) produce NA values.

(4) Select all values for t' < min(t), i.e. values beyond the time resolution of t. Select the first two values of the transformed data set which contain no NA values and use these values for a linear fit using lm.

(5) Extrapolate values for t' < min(t) based on the previously obtained fit parameters.

(6) Transform values using $$pLM(t) = t/P*CW(t')$$

(7) Combine values and truncate all values for t' > max(t)

NOTE: The number of values for t' < min(t) depends on the stimulation period (P) and therefore on the stimulation rate 1/P. To avoid the production of too many artificial data at the raising tail of the determined pLM curves it is recommended to use the automatic estimation routine for P, i.e. provide no own value for P.


Bos, A.J.J. & Wallinga, J., 2012. How to visualize quartz OSL signal components. Radiation Measurements, 47, 752-758.

Further Reading

Bulur, E., 1996. An Alternative Technique For Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) Experiment. Radiation Measurements, 26, 701-709.

Bulur, E., 2000. A simple transformation for converting CW-OSL curves to LM-OSL curves. Radiation Measurements, 32, 141-145.

See Also

CW2pLM, CW2pHMi, CW2pPMi, fit_LMCurve, '>RLum.Data.Curve


##load CW-OSL curve data
data(ExampleData.CW_OSL_Curve, envir = environment())

##transform values
values.transformed <- CW2pLMi(ExampleData.CW_OSL_Curve)

plot(values.transformed$x, values.transformed$y.t, log = "x")

##(2) - produce Fig. 4 from Bos & Wallinga (2012)
##load data
data(ExampleData.CW_OSL_Curve, envir = environment())
values <- CW_Curve.BosWallinga2012

##open plot area
plot(NA, NA,
     xlim = c(0.001,10),
     ylim = c(0,8000),
     ylab = "pseudo OSL (cts/0.01 s)",
     xlab = "t [s]",
     log = "x",
     main = "Fig. 4 - Bos & Wallinga (2012)")

values.t <- CW2pLMi(values, P = 1/20)
lines(values[1:length(values.t[,1]),1],CW2pLMi(values, P = 1/20)[,2],
      col = "red", lwd = 1.3)
text(0.03,4500,"LM", col = "red", cex = .8)

values.t <- CW2pHMi(values, delta = 40)
lines(values[1:length(values.t[,1]),1],CW2pHMi(values, delta = 40)[,2],
      col = "black", lwd = 1.3)
text(0.005,3000,"HM", cex =.8)

values.t <- CW2pPMi(values, P = 1/10)
lines(values[1:length(values.t[,1]),1], CW2pPMi(values, P = 1/10)[,2],
      col = "blue", lwd = 1.3)
text(0.5,6500,"PM", col = "blue", cex = .8)

# }