ZambiaNutrition

0th

Percentile

Determinants of Childhood Malnutrition in Zambia

The Demographic Health Surveys (DHS) of Zambia was conducted 1992. The survey is produced jointly by Macro International, a USAIDfunded firm specializing in demographic research, and the national statistical agency of the country.

Malnutrition among children is usually determined by assessing an anthropometric status of the children relative to a reference standard. In our example, malnutrition is measured by stunting or insufficient height for age, indicating chronic malnutrition. Stunting for a child \(i\) is determined using a \(Z\)-score defined as $$stunting_i = \frac{AI_i - MAI}{\sigma}$$ where \(AI\) refers to the child's anthropometric indicator (height at a certain age in our example), while \(MAI\) and \(\sigma\) correspond to the median and the standard deviation in the reference population, respectively.

The main interest is on modeling the dependence of malnutrition on covariates including the age of the child, the body mass index of the child's mother, the district the child lives in and some further categorial covariates.

Keywords
datasets
Usage
data("ZambiaNutrition")
Format

A data frame containing 4847 observations on 8 variables.

stunting:

standardised \(Z\)-score for stunting.

mbmi:

body mass index of the mother.

agechild:

age of the child in months.

district:

district where the mother lives.

memployment:

mother's employment status with categories `working' and `not working'.

meducation:

mother's educational status with categories for complete primary but incomplete secondary `no/incomplete', complete secondary or higher `minimum primary' and no education or incomplete primary `minimum secondary'.

urban:

locality of the domicile with categories `yes' and `no'.

gender:

gender of the child with categories `male' and `female'.

References

Kandala, N. B., Lang, S., Klasen, S., Fahrmeir, L. (2001): Semiparametric Analysis of the Socio-Demographic and Spatial Determinants of Undernutrition in Two African Countries. Research in Official Statistics, 1, 81--100.

See Also

bayesx

Aliases
  • ZambiaNutrition
  • zambia
Examples
# NOT RUN {
## load zambia data and map
data("ZambiaNutrition")
data("ZambiaBnd")

## estimate model
zm <- bayesx(stunting ~ memployment + meducation + urban + gender + 
  sx(mbmi) + sx(agechild) + sx(district, bs = "mrf", map = ZambiaBnd) +
  sx(district, bs = "re"), iter = 12000, burnin = 2000, step = 10,
  data = ZambiaNutrition)

summary(zm)

## plot smooth effects
plot(zm, term = c("sx(bmi)", "sx(agechild)", "sx(district)"), map = ZambiaBnd)

## for more examples 
demo("zambia")
# }
Documentation reproduced from package R2BayesX, version 1.1-1, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3

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