VGAM (version 1.1-1)

kumar: Kumaraswamy Distribution Family Function


Estimates the two parameters of the Kumaraswamy distribution by maximum likelihood estimation.


kumar(lshape1 = "loglink", lshape2 = "loglink",
      ishape1 = NULL,   ishape2 = NULL, gshape1 = exp(2*ppoints(5) - 1),
      tol12 = 1.0e-4, zero = NULL)


lshape1, lshape2

Link function for the two positive shape parameters, respectively, called \(a\) and \(b\) below. See Links for more choices.

ishape1, ishape2

Numeric. Optional initial values for the two positive shape parameters.


Numeric and positive. Tolerance for testing whether the second shape parameter is either 1 or 2. If so then the working weights need to handle these singularities.


Values for a grid search for the first shape parameter. See CommonVGAMffArguments for more information.


An object of class "vglmff" (see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm and vgam.


The Kumaraswamy distribution has density function $$f(y;a = shape1,b = shape2) = a b y^{a-1} (1-y^{a})^{b-1}$$ where \(0 < y < 1\) and the two shape parameters, \(a\) and \(b\), are positive. The mean is \(b \times Beta(1+1/a,b)\) (returned as the fitted values) and the variance is \(b \times Beta(1+2/a,b) - (b \times Beta(1+1/a,b))^2\). Applications of the Kumaraswamy distribution include the storage volume of a water reservoir. Fisher scoring is implemented. Handles multiple responses (matrix input).


Kumaraswamy, P. (1980). A generalized probability density function for double-bounded random processes. Journal of Hydrology, 46, 79--88.

Jones, M. C. (2009). Kumaraswamy's distribution: A beta-type distribution with some tractability advantages. Statistical Methodology, 6, 70--81.

See Also

dkumar, betaff, simulate.vlm.


Run this code
shape1 <- exp(1); shape2 <- exp(2)
kdata <- data.frame(y = rkumar(n = 1000, shape1, shape2))
fit <- vglm(y ~ 1, kumar, data = kdata, trace = TRUE)
c(with(kdata, mean(y)), head(fitted(fit), 1))
coef(fit, matrix = TRUE)
# }

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