Get Environment Variables
Sys.getenv obtains the values of the environment variables.
Sys.getenv(x = NULL, unset = "", names = NA)
- a character vector, or
- a character string.
- logical: should the result be named? If
NA(the default) single-element results are not named whereas multi-element results are.
Both arguments will be coerced to character if necessary.
unset = NA will enable unset variables and those set to
"" to be distinguished, if the OS does. POSIX
requires the OS to distinguish, and all known current R platforms do.
A vector of the same length as
x, with (if
names == TRUE) the variable names as its
namesattribute. Each element holds the value of the environment variable named by the corresponding component of
x(or the value of
unsetif no environment variable with that name was found).On most platforms
Sys.getenv()will return a named vector giving the values of all the environment variables, sorted in the current locale. It may be confused by names containing
=which some platforms allow but POSIX does not. (Windows is such a platform: there names including
=are truncated just before the first
xis missing and
namesis not false, the result is of class
"Dlist"in order to get a nice
The help for environment variables lists many of the environment variables used by R.
## whether HOST is set will be shell-dependent e.g. Solaris' csh does not. Sys.getenv(c("R_HOME", "R_PAPERSIZE", "R_PRINTCMD", "HOST")) names(s <- Sys.getenv()) # all settings (the values could be very long) head(s, 12)# using the Dlist print() method ## Language and Locale settings -- but rather use Sys.getlocale() s[grep("^L(C|ANG)", names(s))]