base v3.2.0

The R Base Package

Base R functions.

Functions in base

Name Description
append Vector Merging
all Are All Values True?
any Are Some Values True?
abbreviate Abbreviate Strings
agrep Approximate String Matching (Fuzzy Matching)
aperm Array Transposition
apply Apply Functions Over Array Margins
all.equal Test if Two Objects are (Nearly) Equal
args Argument List of a Function
all.names Find All Names in an Expression
as.function Convert Object to Function
as.data.frame Coerce to a Data Frame
AsIs Inhibit Interpretation/Conversion of Objects
assignOps Assignment Operators
Arithmetic Arithmetic Operators
as.POSIX* Date-time Conversion Functions
as.environment Coerce to an Environment Object
array Multi-way Arrays
assign Assign a Value to a Name
as.Date Date Conversion Functions to and from Character
attach Attach Set of R Objects to Search Path
attr Object Attributes
basename Manipulate File Paths
backsolve Solve an Upper or Lower Triangular System
base-defunct Defunct Functions in Package base
base-deprecated Deprecated Functions in Package base
attributes Object Attribute Lists
autoload On-demand Loading of Packages
base-internal Internal Objects in Package base
base-package The R Base Package
bindenv Binding and Environment Locking, Active Bindings
bquote Partial substitution in expressions
bitwise Bitwise Logical Operations
builtins Returns the Names of All Built-in Objects
.bincode Bin a Numeric Vector
Bessel Bessel Functions
body Access to and Manipulation of the Body of a Function
browser Environment Browser
by Apply a Function to a Data Frame Split by Factors
browserText Functions to Retrieve Values Supplied by Calls to the Browser
character Character Vectors
call Function Calls
capabilities Report Capabilities of this Build of R
charmatch Partial String Matching
char.expand Expand a String with Respect to a Target Table
CallExternal Modern Interfaces to C/C++ code
callCC Call With Current Continuation
cbind Combine R Objects by Rows or Columns
cat Concatenate and Print
c Combine Values into a Vector or List
Colon Colon Operator
class Object Classes
commandArgs Extract Command Line Arguments
chol2inv Inverse from Choleski (or QR) Decomposition
comment Query or Set a "comment" Attribute
col Column Indexes
chartr Character Translation and Casefolding
chol The Choleski Decomposition
colSums Form Row and Column Sums and Means
row+colnames Row and Column Names
contributors R Project Contributors
copyright Copyrights of Files Used to Build R
Constants Built-in Constants
complex Complex Vectors
conflicts Search for Masked Objects on the Search Path
conditions Condition Handling and Recovery
crossprod Matrix Crossproduct
Comparison Relational Operators
Control Control Flow
connections Functions to Manipulate Connections
data.class Object Classes
data.frame Data Frames
det Calculate the Determinant of a Matrix
detach Detach Objects from the Search Path
dataframeHelpers Data Frame Auxiliary Functions
data.matrix Convert a Data Frame to a Numeric Matrix
dyn.load Foreign Function Interface
duplicated Determine Duplicate Elements
curlGetHeaders Retrieve Headers from URLs
libcurlVersion Report Version of libcurl
deparseOpts Options for Expression Deparsing
dim Dimensions of an Object
Deprecated Marking Objects as Deprecated
encodeString Encode Character Vector as for Printing
do.call Execute a Function Call
Encoding Read or Set the Declared Encodings for a Character Vector
deparse Expression Deparsing
delayedAssign Delay Evaluation
dontCheck Identity Function to Suppress Checking
double Double-Precision Vectors
expand.grid Create a Data Frame from All Combinations of Factors
Extract.data.frame Extract or Replace Parts of a Data Frame
expression Unevaluated Expressions
file.info Extract File Information
Extract.factor Extract or Replace Parts of a Factor
file.path Construct Path to File
forceAndCall Call a function with Some Arguments Forced
Foreign-internal Internal Versions of the Foreign Function Interface
get Return the Value of a Named Object
getCallingDLL Compute DLL for Native Interface Call
Extract Extract or Replace Parts of an Object
file.access Ascertain File Accessibility
Extremes Maxima and Minima
formals Access to and Manipulation of the Formal Arguments
Foreign Foreign Function Interface
file.choose Choose a File Interactively
formatDL Format Description Lists
Hyperbolic Hyperbolic Functions
function Function Definition
iconv Convert Character Vector between Encodings
gzcon (De)compress I/O Through Connections
hexmode Display Numbers in Hexadecimal
ISOdatetime Date-time Conversion Functions from Numeric Representations
identical Test Objects for Exact Equality
icuSetCollate Setup Collation by ICU
library Loading/Attaching and Listing of Packages
is.R Are we using R, rather than S?
cut Convert Numeric to Factor
license The R License Terms
cut.POSIXt Convert a Date or Date-Time Object to a Factor
date System Date and Time
Dates Date Class
droplevels droplevels
exists Is an Object Defined?
eval Evaluate an (Unevaluated) Expression
dump Text Representations of R Objects
ls List Objects
find.package Find Packages
files2 Manipulaton of Directories and File Permissions
make.names Make Syntactically Valid Names
match.arg Argument Verification Using Partial Matching
match.call Argument Matching
name Names and Symbols
mode The (Storage) Mode of an Object
nlevels The Number of Levels of a Factor
nchar Count the Number of Characters (or Bytes or Width)
ns-internals Namespace Internals
ns-hooks Hooks for Namespace Events
format.info format(.) Information
format Encode in a Common Format
getDLLRegisteredRoutines Reflectance Information for C/Fortran routines in a DLL
getNativeSymbolInfo Obtain a Description of one or more Native (C/Fortran) Symbols
interactive Is R Running Interactively?
gl Generate Factor Levels
grep Pattern Matching and Replacement
isS4 Test for an S4 object
Internal Call an Internal Function
isSymmetric Test if a Matrix or other Object is Symmetric
dcf Read and Write Data in DCF Format
DateTimeClasses Date-Time Classes
dput Write an Object to a File or Recreate it
diag Matrix Diagonals
.Device Lists of Open/Active Graphics Devices
drop Drop Redundant Extent Information
environment Environment Access
extSoftVersion Report Versions of Third-Party Software
EnvVar Environment Variables
factor Factors
identity Identity Function
ifelse Conditional Element Selection
is.recursive Is an Object Atomic or Recursive?
kronecker Kronecker Products on Arrays
is.single Is an Object of Single Precision Type?
Logic Logical Operators
l10n_info Localization Information
message Diagnostic Messages
logical Logical Vectors
missing Does a Formal Argument have a Value?
format.pval Format P Values
formatC Formatting Using C-style Formats
grepRaw Pattern Matching for Raw Vectors
gctorture Torture Garbage Collector
gc.time Report Time Spent in Garbage Collection
integer Integer Vectors
groupGeneric S3 Group Generic Functions
list2env From A List, Build or Add To an Environment
length Length of an Object
lazyLoad Lazy Load a Database of R Objects
load Reload Saved Datasets
locales Query or Set Aspects of the Locale
log Logarithms and Exponentials
findInterval Find Interval Numbers or Indices
force Force Evaluation of an Argument
gc Garbage Collection
funprog Common Higher-Order Functions in Functional Programming Languages
La_version LAPACK Version
list.files List the Files in a Directory/Folder
labels Find Labels from Object
list Lists -- Generic and Dotted Pairs
LongVectors Long Vectors
MathFun Miscellaneous Mathematical Functions
lower.tri Lower and Upper Triangular Part of a Matrix
matmult Matrix Multiplication
Memory-limits Memory Limits in R
noquote Class for ‘no quote’ Printing of Character Strings
Memory Memory Available for Data Storage
norm Compute the Norm of a Matrix
names The Names of an Object
nargs The Number of Arguments to a Function
Primitive Look Up a Primitive Function
print.data.frame Printing Data Frames
rapply Recursively Apply a Function to a List
rank Sample Ranks
cumsum Cumulative Sums, Products, and Extremes
Cstack_info Report Information on C Stack Size and Usage
diff Lagged Differences
Defunct Marking Objects as Defunct
debug Debug a Function
difftime Time Intervals
interaction Compute Factor Interactions
is.language Is an Object a Language Object?
is.object Is an Object ‘internally classed’?
lapply Apply a Function over a List or Vector
Last.value Value of Last Evaluated Expression
library.dynam Loading DLLs from Packages
libPaths Search Paths for Packages
make.unique Make Character Strings Unique
mapply Apply a Function to Multiple List or Vector Arguments
matrix Matrices
maxCol Find Maximum Position in Matrix
numeric Numeric Vectors
numeric_version Numeric Versions
order Ordering Permutation
prmatrix Print Matrices, Old-style
outer Outer Product of Arrays
eapply Apply a Function Over Values in an Environment
proc.time Running Time of R
Random Random Number Generation
eigen Spectral Decomposition of a Matrix
file.show Display One or More Files
files File Manipulation
gettext Translate Text Messages
InternalMethods Internal Generic Functions
getwd Get or Set Working Directory
is.function Is an Object of Type (Primitive) Function?
is.finite Finite, Infinite and NaN Numbers
invisible Change the Print Mode to Invisible
kappa Compute or Estimate the Condition Number of a Matrix
jitter ‘Jitter’ (Add Noise) to Numbers
lengths Lengths of List Elements
Paren Parentheses and Braces
parse Parse Expressions
pos.to.env Convert Positions in the Search Path to Environments
prod Product of Vector Elements
pretty Pretty Breakpoints
prop.table Express Table Entries as Fraction of Marginal Table
readRDS Serialization Interface for Single Objects
readLines Read Text Lines from a Connection
readRenviron Set Environment Variables from a File
Recall Recursive Calling
levels Levels Attributes
margin.table Compute table margin
memory.profile Profile the Usage of Cons Cells
merge Merge Two Data Frames
on.exit Function Exit Code
NumericConstants Numeric Constants
octmode Display Numbers in Octal
ns-dblcolon Double Colon and Triple Colon Operators
nrow The Number of Rows/Columns of an Array
mat.or.vec Create a Matrix or a Vector
Round Rounding of Numbers
remove Remove Objects from a Specified Environment
serialize Simple Serialization Interface
slotOp Extract or Replace A Slot
subset Subsetting Vectors, Matrices and Data Frames
strwrap Wrap Character Strings to Format Paragraphs
socketSelect Wait on Socket Connections
sets Set Operations
Sys.getenv Get Environment Variables
Syntax Operator Syntax and Precedence
readChar Transfer Character Strings To and From Connections
range Range of Values
readline Read a Line from the Terminal
sink Send R Output to a File
regmatches Extract or Replace Matched Substrings
reg.finalizer Finalization of Objects
split Divide into Groups and Reassemble
slice.index Slice Indexes in an Array
Sys.info Extract System and User Information
sprintf Use C-style String Formatting Commands
ns-topenv Top Level Environment
NULL The Null Object
pcre_config Report Configuration Options for PCRE
.Platform Platform Specific Variables
print.default Default Printing
QR.Auxiliaries Reconstruct the Q, R, or X Matrices from a QR Object
print Print Values
quit Terminate an R Session
RdUtils Utilities for Processing Rd Files
readBin Transfer Binary Data To and From Connections
Sys.time Get Current Date and Time
Sys.localeconv Find Details of the Numerical and Monetary Representations in the Current Locale
Sys.which Find Full Paths to Executables
unlist Flatten Lists
unlink Delete Files and Directories
timezones Time Zones
tilde Tilde Operator
weekdays Extract Parts of a POSIXt or Date Object
warnings Print Warning Messages
with Evaluate an Expression in a Data Environment
withVisible Return both a value and its visibility
match.fun Extract a Function Specified by Name
match Value Matching
mean Arithmetic Mean
normalizePath Express File Paths in Canonical Form
memCompress In-memory Compression and Decompression
NotYet Not Yet Implemented Functions and Unused Arguments
ns-load Loading and Unloading Name Spaces
ns-reflect.Rd Namespace Reflection Support
paste Concatenate Strings
Rhome Return the R Home Directory
rle Run Length Encoding
round.POSIXt Round / Truncate Data-Time Objects
seq.Date Generate Regular Sequences of Dates
row Row Indexes
shQuote Quote Strings for Use in OS Shells
seq Sequence Generation
sign Sign Function
stop Stop Function Execution
stopifnot Ensure the Truth of R Expressions
sweep Sweep out Array Summaries
Sys.setFileTime Set File Time
Sys.sleep Suspend Execution for a Time Interval
Sys.setenv Set or Unset Environment Variables
switch Select One of a List of Alternatives
sys.source Parse and Evaluate Expressions from a File
tapply Apply a Function Over a Ragged Array
system2 Invoke a System Command
transform Transform an Object, for Example a Data Frame
taskCallback Add or Remove a Top-Level Task Callback
t Matrix Transpose
taskCallbackNames Query the Names of the Current Internal Top-Level Task Callbacks
taskCallbackManager Create an R-level Task Callback Manager
replace Replace Values in a Vector
rep Replicate Elements of Vectors and Lists
row.names Get and Set Row Names for Data Frames
search Give Search Path for R Objects
rowsum Give Column Sums of a Matrix or Data Frame, Based on a Grouping Variable
sQuote Quote Text
seek Functions to Reposition Connections
srcfile References to source files
strtrim Trim Character Strings to Specified Display Widths
structure Attribute Specification
Ops.Date Operators on the Date Class
pushBack Push Text Back on to a Connection
qr The QR Decomposition of a Matrix
save Save R Objects
sample Random Samples and Permutations
showConnections Display Connections
setTimeLimit Set CPU and/or Elapsed Time Limits
solve Solve a System of Equations
sort Sorting or Ordering Vectors
vector Vectors
Trig Trigonometric Functions
Vectorize Vectorize a Scalar Function
write Write Data to a File
writeLines Write Lines to a Connection
path.expand Expand File Paths
pmatch Partial String Matching
polyroot Find Zeros of a Real or Complex Polynomial
Quotes Quotes
Random.user User-supplied Random Number Generation
rev Reverse Elements
Reserved Reserved Words in R
raw Raw Vectors
rawConnection Raw Connections
strsplit Split the Elements of a Character Vector
scale Scaling and Centering of Matrix-like Objects
strtoi Convert Strings to Integers
sum Sum of Vector Elements
summary Object Summaries
Sys.getpid Get the Process ID of the R Session
userhooks Functions to Get and Set Hooks for Load, Attach, Detach and Unload
tracemem Trace Copying of Objects
traceback Print Call Stacks
Sys.glob Wildcard Expansion on File Paths
.Machine Numerical Characteristics of the Machine
utf8Conversion Convert to or from UTF-8-encoded Character Vectors
.Script Scripting Language Interface
zpackages Listing of Packages
system.file Find Names of R System Files
zutils Miscellaneous Internal/Programming Utilities
system.time CPU Time Used
typeof The Type of an Object
textConnection Text Connections
tempfile Create Names for Temporary Files
R.Version Version Information
unique Extract Unique Elements
warning Warning Messages
which Which indices are TRUE?
scan Read Data Values
seq.POSIXt Generate Regular Sequences of Times
sequence Create A Vector of Sequences
source Read R Code from a File or a Connection
Special Special Functions of Mathematics
standardGeneric Formal Method System -- Dispatching S4 Methods
Startup Initialization at Start of an R Session
substitute Substituting and Quoting Expressions
substr Substrings of a Character Vector
sys.parent Functions to Access the Function Call Stack
which.min Where is the Min() or Max() or first TRUE or FALSE ?
Sys.readlink Read File Symbolic Links
table Cross Tabulation and Table Creation
tabulate Tabulation for Vectors
trace Interactive Tracing and Debugging of Calls to a Function or Method
toString Convert an R Object to a Character String
trimws Remove Leading/Trailing Whitespace
try Try an Expression Allowing Error Recovery
unname Remove names or dimnames
UseMethod Class Methods
zapsmall Rounding of Numbers
xtfrm Auxiliary Function for Sorting and Ranking
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