base v3.2.2

The R Base Package

Base R functions.

Functions in base

Name Description
args Argument List of a Function
apply Apply Functions Over Array Margins
aperm Array Transposition
all.equal Test if Two Objects are (Nearly) Equal
all Are All Values True?
agrep Approximate String Matching (Fuzzy Matching)
append Vector Merging
all.names Find All Names in an Expression
any Are Some Values True?
abbreviate Abbreviate Strings
as.Date Date Conversion Functions to and from Character
AsIs Inhibit Interpretation/Conversion of Objects
as.function Convert Object to Function
Arithmetic Arithmetic Operators
assignOps Assignment Operators
assign Assign a Value to a Name
array Multi-way Arrays
as.data.frame Coerce to a Data Frame
as.POSIX* Date-time Conversion Functions
as.environment Coerce to an Environment Object
attributes Object Attribute Lists
autoload On-demand Loading of Packages
base-package The R Base Package
base-deprecated Deprecated Functions in Package base
base-defunct Defunct Functions in Package base
attach Attach Set of R Objects to Search Path
basename Manipulate File Paths
base-internal Internal Objects in Package base
backsolve Solve an Upper or Lower Triangular System
attr Object Attributes
by Apply a Function to a Data Frame Split by Factors
browserText Functions to Retrieve Values Supplied by Calls to the Browser
bquote Partial substitution in expressions
bitwise Bitwise Logical Operations
bindenv Binding and Environment Locking, Active Bindings
Bessel Bessel Functions
body Access to and Manipulation of the Body of a Function
.bincode Bin a Numeric Vector
browser Environment Browser
builtins Returns the Names of All Built-in Objects
capabilities Report Capabilities of this Build of R
callCC Call With Current Continuation
char.expand Expand a String with Respect to a Target Table
character Character Vectors
cbind Combine R Objects by Rows or Columns
CallExternal Modern Interfaces to C/C++ code
cat Concatenate and Print
c Combine Values into a Vector or List
charmatch Partial String Matching
call Function Calls
col Column Indexes
colSums Form Row and Column Sums and Means
Colon Colon Operator
row+colnames Row and Column Names
class Object Classes
chol2inv Inverse from Choleski (or QR) Decomposition
comment Query or Set a "comment" Attribute
commandArgs Extract Command Line Arguments
chol The Choleski Decomposition
chartr Character Translation and Casefolding
copyright Copyrights of Files Used to Build R
curlGetHeaders Retrieve Headers from URLs
crossprod Matrix Crossproduct
DateTimeClasses Date-Time Classes
libcurlVersion Report Version of libcurl
dcf Read and Write Data in DCF Format
Comparison Relational Operators
detach Detach Objects from the Search Path
det Calculate the Determinant of a Matrix
complex Complex Vectors
cut.POSIXt Convert a Date or Date-Time Object to a Factor
cut Convert Numeric to Factor
debug Debug a Function
Defunct Marking Objects as Defunct
dim Dimensions of an Object
do.call Execute a Function Call
eigen Spectral Decomposition of a Matrix
eapply Apply a Function Over Values in an Environment
contributors R Project Contributors
Control Control Flow
data.matrix Convert a Data Frame to a Numeric Matrix
date System Date and Time
dataframeHelpers Data Frame Auxiliary Functions
Dates Date Class
dontCheck Identity Function to Suppress Checking
double Double-Precision Vectors
environment Environment Access
EnvVar Environment Variables
duplicated Determine Duplicate Elements
dyn.load Foreign Function Interface
eval Evaluate an (Unevaluated) Expression
files2 Manipulaton of Directories and File Permissions
exists Is an Object Defined?
find.package Find Packages
Foreign-internal Internal Versions of the Foreign Function Interface
forceAndCall Call a function with Some Arguments Forced
conditions Condition Handling and Recovery
conflicts Search for Masked Objects on the Search Path
Cstack_info Report Information on C Stack Size and Usage
cumsum Cumulative Sums, Products, and Extremes
delayedAssign Delay Evaluation
deparse Expression Deparsing
diag Matrix Diagonals
.Device Lists of Open/Active Graphics Devices
file.access Ascertain File Accessibility
file.choose Choose a File Interactively
gc Garbage Collection
funprog Common Higher-Order Functions in Functional Programming Languages
gettext Translate Text Messages
getwd Get or Set Working Directory
findInterval Find Interval Numbers or Indices
force Force Evaluation of an Argument
gc.time Report Time Spent in Garbage Collection
gctorture Torture Garbage Collector
Hyperbolic Hyperbolic Functions
iconv Convert Character Vector between Encodings
Internal Call an Internal Function
interactive Is R Running Interactively?
isS4 Test for an S4 object
connections Functions to Manipulate Connections (Files, URLs, ...)
Constants Built-in Constants
data.class Object Classes
deparseOpts Options for Expression Deparsing
data.frame Data Frames
Deprecated Marking Objects as Deprecated
diff Lagged Differences
integer Integer Vectors
difftime Time Intervals
interaction Compute Factor Interactions
is.language Is an Object a Language Object?
is.object Is an Object ‘internally classed’?
jitter ‘Jitter’ (Add Noise) to Numbers
levels Levels Attributes
kappa Compute or Estimate the Condition Number of a Matrix
lengths Lengths of List or Vector Elements
dput Write an Object to a File or Recreate it
locales Query or Set Aspects of the Locale
drop Drop Redundant Extent Information
Extract.data.frame Extract or Replace Parts of a Data Frame
Extract.factor Extract or Replace Parts of a Factor
file.show Display One or More Files
files File Manipulation
format.info format(.) Information
grepRaw Pattern Matching for Raw Vectors
function Function Definition
formatDL Format Description Lists
groupGeneric S3 Group Generic Functions
lazyLoad Lazy Load a Database of R Objects
length Length of an Object
LongVectors Long Vectors
encodeString Encode Character Vector as for Printing
Encoding Read or Set the Declared Encodings for a Character Vector
expression Unevaluated Expressions
expand.grid Create a Data Frame from All Combinations of Factors
extSoftVersion Report Versions of Third-Party Software
formals Access to and Manipulation of the Formal Arguments
Foreign Foreign Function Interface
factor Factors
getNativeSymbolInfo Obtain a Description of one or more Native (C/Fortran) Symbols
getDLLRegisteredRoutines Reflectance Information for C/Fortran routines in a DLL
format Encode in a Common Format
gzcon (De)compress I/O Through Connections
identical Test Objects for Exact Equality
icuSetCollate Setup Collation by ICU
hexmode Display Numbers in Hexadecimal
is.finite Finite, Infinite and NaN Numbers
list.files List the Files in a Directory/Folder
is.function Is an Object of Type (Primitive) Function?
list Lists -- Generic and Dotted Pairs
ls List Objects
log Logarithms and Exponentials
maxCol Find Maximum Position in Matrix
matrix Matrices
norm Compute the Norm of a Matrix
noquote Class for ‘no quote’ Printing of Character Strings
numeric Numeric Vectors
numeric_version Numeric Versions
parse Parse Expressions
Paren Parentheses and Braces
pmatch Partial String Matching
isSymmetric Test if a Matrix or other Object is Symmetric
Last.value Value of Last Evaluated Expression
lapply Apply a Function over a List or Vector
library.dynam Loading DLLs from Packages
libPaths Search Paths for Packages
mode The (Storage) Mode of an Object
mapply Apply a Function to Multiple List or Vector Arguments
make.unique Make Character Strings Unique
normalizePath Express File Paths in Canonical Form
name Names and Symbols
identity Identity Function
is.recursive Is an Object Atomic or Recursive?
ifelse Conditional Element Selection
is.single Is an Object of Single Precision Type?
kronecker Kronecker Products on Arrays
list2env From A List, Build or Add To an Environment
l10n_info Localization Information
load Reload Saved Datasets
logical Logical Vectors
Logic Logical Operators
margin.table Compute table margin
mat.or.vec Create a Matrix or a Vector
mean Arithmetic Mean
names The Names of an Object
memCompress In-memory Compression and Decompression
NumericConstants Numeric Constants
nargs The Number of Arguments to a Function
octmode Display Numbers in Octal
polyroot Find Zeros of a Real or Complex Polynomial
on.exit Function Exit Code
prop.table Express Table Entries as Fraction of Marginal Table
prod Product of Vector Elements
RdUtils Utilities for Processing Rd Files
rep Replicate Elements of Vectors and Lists
readBin Transfer Binary Data To and From Connections
replace Replace Values in a Vector
search Give Search Path for R Objects
seek Functions to Reposition Connections
match.fun Extract a Function Specified by Name
lower.tri Lower and Upper Triangular Part of a Matrix
match Value Matching
Memory-limits Memory Limits in R
ns-dblcolon Double Colon and Triple Colon Operators
nrow The Number of Rows/Columns of an Array
ns-topenv Top Level Environment
Memory Memory Available for Data Storage
sink Send R Output to a File
order Ordering Permutation
NULL The Null Object
slice.index Slice Indexes in an Array
stopifnot Ensure the Truth of R Expressions
stop Stop Function Execution
sys.parent Functions to Access the Function Call Stack
substr Substrings of a Character Vector
substitute Substituting and Quoting Expressions
unname Remove names or dimnames
Sys.readlink Read File Symbolic Links
make.names Make Syntactically Valid Names
MathFun Miscellaneous Mathematical Functions
matmult Matrix Multiplication
memory.profile Profile the Usage of Cons Cells
merge Merge Two Data Frames
ns-load Loading and Unloading Name Spaces
proc.time Running Time of R
prmatrix Print Matrices, Old-style
ns-reflect.Rd Namespace Reflection Support
Quotes Quotes
outer Outer Product of Arrays
Primitive Look Up a Primitive Function
print.data.frame Printing Data Frames
readChar Transfer Character Strings To and From Connections
save Save R Objects
sample Random Samples and Permutations
readline Read a Line from the Terminal
sort Sorting or Ordering Vectors
solve Solve a System of Equations
split Divide into Groups and Reassemble
sprintf Use C-style String Formatting Commands
sweep Sweep out Array Summaries
switch Select One of a List of Alternatives
Sys.info Extract System and User Information
Sys.time Get Current Date and Time
Sys.localeconv Find Details of the Numerical and Monetary Representations in the Current Locale
Sys.which Find Full Paths to Executables
tapply Apply a Function Over a Ragged Array
Ops.Date Operators on the Date Class
taskCallback Add or Remove a Top-Level Task Callback
pos.to.env Convert Positions in the Search Path to Environments
pretty Pretty Breakpoints
QR.Auxiliaries Reconstruct the Q, R, or X Matrices from a QR Object
quit Terminate an R Session
readLines Read Text Lines from a Connection
readRDS Serialization Interface for Single Objects
NotYet Not Yet Implemented Functions and Unused Arguments
Rhome Return the R Home Directory
ns-internals Namespace Internals
ns-hooks Hooks for Namespace Events
paste Concatenate Strings
path.expand Expand File Paths
Random Random Number Generation
droplevels droplevels
dump Text Representations of R Objects
file.info Extract File Information
Extremes Maxima and Minima
Extract Extract or Replace Parts of an Object
file.path Construct Path to File
format.pval Format P Values
get Return the Value of a Named Object
formatC Formatting Using C-style Formats
getCallingDLL Compute DLL for Native Interface Call
gl Generate Factor Levels
grep Pattern Matching and Replacement
InternalMethods Internal Generic Functions
UseMethod Class Methods
invisible Change the Print Mode to Invisible
try Try an Expression Allowing Error Recovery
trimws Remove Leading/Trailing Whitespace
utf8Conversion Convert Integer Vectors to or from UTF-8-encoded Character Vectors
write Write Data to a File
writeLines Write Lines to a Connection
Random.user User-supplied Random Number Generation
rank Sample Ranks
reg.finalizer Finalization of Objects
scale Scaling and Centering of Matrix-like Objects
regmatches Extract or Replace Matched Substrings
rapply Recursively Apply a Function to a List
userhooks Functions to Get and Set Hooks for Load, Attach, Detach and Unload
is.R Are we using R, rather than S?
ISOdatetime Date-time Conversion Functions from Numeric Representations
La_version LAPACK Version
labels Find Labels from Object
license The R License Terms
match.arg Argument Verification Using Partial Matching
match.call Argument Matching
nchar Count the Number of Characters (or Bytes or Width)
message Diagnostic Messages
nlevels The Number of Levels of a Factor
.Platform Platform Specific Variables
print.default Default Printing
range Range of Values
round.POSIXt Round / Truncate Data-Time Objects
Recall Recursive Calling
setTimeLimit Set CPU and/or Elapsed Time Limits
standardGeneric Formal Method System -- Dispatching S4 Methods
strwrap Wrap Character Strings to Format Paragraphs
Startup Initialization at Start of an R Session
rle Run Length Encoding
Round Rounding of Numbers
remove Remove Objects from a Specified Environment
seq.Date Generate Regular Sequences of Dates
source Read R Code from a File or a Connection
seq Sequence Generation
Special Special Functions of Mathematics
strsplit Split the Elements of a Character Vector
strtoi Convert Strings to Integers
subset Subsetting Vectors, Matrices and Data Frames
library Loading/Attaching and Listing of Packages
Sys.setenv Set or Unset Environment Variables
Sys.setFileTime Set File Time
system.file Find Names of R System Files
system.time CPU Time Used
tempfile Create Names for Temporary Files
typeof The Type of an Object
textConnection Text Connections
unique Extract Unique Elements
missing Does a Formal Argument have a Value?
pcre_config Report Configuration Options for PCRE
print Print Values
pushBack Push Text Back on to a Connection
readRenviron Set Environment Variables from a File
qr The QR Decomposition of a Matrix
rawConnection Raw Connections
raw Raw Vectors
Reserved Reserved Words in R
row.names Get and Set Row Names for Data Frames
rev Reverse Elements
rowsum Give Column Sums of a Matrix or Data Frame, Based on a Grouping Variable
serialize Simple Serialization Interface
sets Set Operations
showConnections Display Connections
row Row Indexes
sequence Create A Vector of Sequences
seq.POSIXt Generate Regular Sequences of Times
scan Read Data Values
slotOp Extract or Replace A Slot
socketSelect Wait on Socket Connections
sQuote Quote Text
srcfile References to source files
system2 Invoke a System Command
Sys.glob Wildcard Expansion on File Paths
Sys.getpid Get the Process ID of the R Session
t Matrix Transpose
strtrim Trim Character Strings to Specified Display Widths
tilde Tilde Operator
timezones Time Zones
unlink Delete Files and Directories
unlist Flatten Lists
zpackages Listing of Packages
.Machine Numerical Characteristics of the Machine
structure Attribute Specification
zutils Miscellaneous Internal/Programming Utilities
.Script Scripting Language Interface
Sys.getenv Get Environment Variables
Syntax Operator Syntax and Precedence
Sys.sleep Suspend Execution for a Time Interval
taskCallbackManager Create an R-level Task Callback Manager
sys.source Parse and Evaluate Expressions from a File
transform Transform an Object, for Example a Data Frame
taskCallbackNames Query the Names of the Current Internal Top-Level Task Callbacks
warning Warning Messages
R.Version Version Information
Trig Trigonometric Functions
withVisible Return both a value and its visibility
with Evaluate an Expression in a Data Environment
sign Sign Function
shQuote Quote Strings for Use in OS Shells
sum Sum of Vector Elements
summary Object Summaries
table Cross Tabulation and Table Creation
tabulate Tabulation for Vectors
toString Convert an R Object to a Character String
trace Interactive Tracing and Debugging of Calls to a Function or Method
traceback Print Call Stacks
vector Vectors
tracemem Trace Copying of Objects
Vectorize Vectorize a Scalar Function
xtfrm Auxiliary Function for Sorting and Ranking
zapsmall Rounding of Numbers
weekdays Extract Parts of a POSIXt or Date Object
warnings Print Warning Messages
which.min Where is the Min() or Max() or first TRUE or FALSE ?
which Which indices are TRUE?
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