These are generic functions: methods can be defined for them
individually or via the
Note that for rounding off a 5, the IEC 60559 standard is expected to
be used, ‘go to the even digit’.
-2. However, this is dependent on OS services and on
representation error (since e.g.
0.15 is not represented
exactly, the rounding rule applies to the represented number and not
to the printed number, and so
round(0.15, 1) could be either
Rounding to a negative number of digits means rounding to a power of
ten, so for example
round(x, digits = -2) rounds to the nearest
signif the recognized values of
1...22, and non-missing values are rounded to the nearest
integer in that range. Complex numbers are rounded to retain the
specified number of digits in the larger of the components. Each
element of the vector is rounded individually, unlike printing.
These are all primitive functions.