base (version 3.6.2)

transform: Transform an Object, for Example a Data Frame

Description

transform is a generic function, which---at least currently---only does anything useful with data frames. transform.default converts its first argument to a data frame if possible and calls transform.data.frame.

Usage

transform(`_data`, …)

Arguments

_data

The object to be transformed

Further arguments of the form tag=value

Value

The modified value of _data.

Warning

This is a convenience function intended for use interactively. For programming it is better to use the standard subsetting arithmetic functions, and in particular the non-standard evaluation of argument transform can have unanticipated consequences.

Details

The arguments to transform.data.frame are tagged vector expressions, which are evaluated in the data frame _data. The tags are matched against names(_data), and for those that match, the value replace the corresponding variable in _data, and the others are appended to _data.

See Also

within for a more flexible approach, subset, list, data.frame

Examples

# NOT RUN {
transform(airquality, Ozone = -Ozone)
transform(airquality, new = -Ozone, Temp = (Temp-32)/1.8)

attach(airquality)
transform(Ozone, logOzone = log(Ozone)) # marginally interesting ...
detach(airquality)
# }