DIvisive ANAlysis Clustering

Computes a divisive hierarchical clustering of the dataset returning an object of class diana.

diana(x, diss = inherits(x, "dist"), metric = "euclidean", stand = FALSE)
data matrix or data frame, or dissimilarity matrix or object, depending on the value of the diss argument.

In case of a matrix or data frame, each row corresponds to an observation, and each column corresponds to a variable. All

logical flag: if TRUE (default for dist or dissimilarity objects), then x will be considered as a dissimilarity matrix. If FALSE, then x will be considered as a matrix of observations by var
character string specifying the metric to be used for calculating dissimilarities between observations. The currently available options are "euclidean" and "manhattan". Euclidean distances are root sum-of-squares of differences, and manhattan
logical; if true, the measurements in x are standardized before calculating the dissimilarities. Measurements are standardized for each variable (column), by subtracting the variable's mean value and dividing by the variable's me

diana is fully described in chapter 6 of Kaufman and Rousseeuw (1990). It is probably unique in computing a divisive hierarchy, whereas most other software for hierarchical clustering is agglomerative. Moreover, diana provides (a) the divisive coefficient (see diana.object) which measures the amount of clustering structure found; and (b) the banner, a novel graphical display (see plot.diana).

The diana-algorithm constructs a hierarchy of clusterings, starting with one large cluster containing all n observations. Clusters are divided until each cluster contains only a single observation. At each stage, the cluster with the largest diameter is selected. (The diameter of a cluster is the largest dissimilarity between any two of its observations.) To divide the selected cluster, the algorithm first looks for its most disparate observation (i.e., which has the largest average dissimilarity to the other observations of the selected cluster). This observation initiates the "splinter group". In subsequent steps, the algorithm reassigns observations that are closer to the "splinter group" than to the "old party". The result is a division of the selected cluster into two new clusters.


  • an object of class "diana" representing the clustering. See ?diana.object for details.

See Also

agnes also for background and references; diana.object, daisy, dist, plot.diana, twins.object.

  • diana
dv <- diana(votes.repub, metric = "manhattan", stand = TRUE)

## Plot similar to Figure 8 in ref
plot(diana(agriculture), ask = TRUE)
Documentation reproduced from package cluster, version 1.4-1, License: GPL version 2 or later

Community examples

Looks like there are no examples yet.