```
## Run the example in '?matplot' or the following:
leg.txt <- c("Setosa Petals", "Setosa Sepals",
"Versicolor Petals", "Versicolor Sepals")
y.leg <- c(4.5, 3, 2.1, 1.4, .7)
cexv <- c(1.2, 1, 4/5, 2/3, 1/2)
matplot(c(1, 8), c(0, 4.5), type = "n", xlab = "Length", ylab = "Width",
main = "Petal and Sepal Dimensions in Iris Blossoms")
for (i in seq(cexv)) {
text (1, y.leg[i] - 0.1, paste("cex=", formatC(cexv[i])), cex = 0.8, adj = 0)
legend(3, y.leg[i], leg.txt, pch = "sSvV", col = c(1, 3), cex = cexv[i])
}
## 'merge = TRUE' for merging lines & points:
x <- seq(-pi, pi, len = 65)
plot(x, sin(x), type = "l", ylim = c(-1.2, 1.8), col = 3, lty = 2)
points(x, cos(x), pch = 3, col = 4)
lines(x, tan(x), type = "b", lty = 1, pch = 4, col = 6)
title("legend(..., lty = c(2, -1, 1), pch = c(NA, 3, 4), merge = TRUE)",
cex.main = 1.1)
legend(-1, 1.9, c("sin", "cos", "tan"), col = c(3, 4, 6),
text.col = "green4", lty = c(2, -1, 1), pch = c(NA, 3, 4),
merge = TRUE, bg = "gray90")
## right-justifying a set of labels: thanks to Uwe Ligges
x <- 1:5; y1 <- 1/x; y2 <- 2/x
plot(rep(x, 2), c(y1, y2), type = "n", xlab = "x", ylab = "y")
lines(x, y1); lines(x, y2, lty = 2)
temp <- legend("topright", legend = c(" ", " "),
text.width = strwidth("1,000,000"),
lty = 1:2, xjust = 1, yjust = 1,
title = "Line Types")
text(temp$rect$left + temp$rect$w, temp$text$y,
c("1,000", "1,000,000"), pos = 2)
##--- log scaled Examples ------------------------------
leg.txt <- c("a one", "a two")
par(mfrow = c(2, 2))
for(ll in c("","x","y","xy")) {
plot(2:10, log = ll, main = paste0("log = '", ll, "'"))
abline(1, 1)
lines(2:3, 3:4, col = 2)
points(2, 2, col = 3)
rect(2, 3, 3, 2, col = 4)
text(c(3,3), 2:3, c("rect(2,3,3,2, col=4)",
"text(c(3,3),2:3,\"c(rect(...)\")"), adj = c(0, 0.3))
legend(list(x = 2,y = 8), legend = leg.txt, col = 2:3, pch = 1:2,
lty = 1, merge = TRUE) #, trace = TRUE)
}
par(mfrow = c(1,1))
##-- Math expressions: ------------------------------
x <- seq(-pi, pi, len = 65)
plot(x, sin(x), type = "l", col = 2, xlab = expression(phi),
ylab = expression(f(phi)))
abline(h = -1:1, v = pi/2*(-6:6), col = "gray90")
lines(x, cos(x), col = 3, lty = 2)
ex.cs1 <- expression(plain(sin) * phi, paste("cos", phi)) # 2 ways
utils::str(legend(-3, .9, ex.cs1, lty = 1:2, plot = FALSE,
adj = c(0, 0.6))) # adj y !
legend(-3, 0.9, ex.cs1, lty = 1:2, col = 2:3, adj = c(0, 0.6))
require(stats)
x <- rexp(100, rate = .5)
hist(x, main = "Mean and Median of a Skewed Distribution")
abline(v = mean(x), col = 2, lty = 2, lwd = 2)
abline(v = median(x), col = 3, lty = 3, lwd = 2)
ex12 <- expression(bar(x) == sum(over(x[i], n), i == 1, n),
hat(x) == median(x[i], i == 1, n))
utils::str(legend(4.1, 30, ex12, col = 2:3, lty = 2:3, lwd = 2))
## 'Filled' boxes -- for more, see example(plot.factor)
op <- par(bg = "white") # to get an opaque box for the legend
plot(cut(weight, 3) ~ group, data = PlantGrowth, col = NULL,
density = 16*(1:3))
par(op)
## Using 'ncol' :
x <- 0:64/64
matplot(x, outer(x, 1:7, function(x, k) sin(k * pi * x)),
type = "o", col = 1:7, ylim = c(-1, 1.5), pch = "*")
op <- par(bg = "antiquewhite1")
legend(0, 1.5, paste("sin(", 1:7, "pi * x)"), col = 1:7, lty = 1:7,
pch = "*", ncol = 4, cex = 0.8)
legend(.8,1.2, paste("sin(", 1:7, "pi * x)"), col = 1:7, lty = 1:7,
pch = "*", cex = 0.8)
legend(0, -.1, paste("sin(", 1:4, "pi * x)"), col = 1:4, lty = 1:4,
ncol = 2, cex = 0.8)
legend(0, -.4, paste("sin(", 5:7, "pi * x)"), col = 4:6, pch = 24,
ncol = 2, cex = 1.5, lwd = 2, pt.bg = "pink", pt.cex = 1:3)
par(op)
## point covering line :
y <- sin(3*pi*x)
plot(x, y, type = "l", col = "blue",
main = "points with bg & legend(*, pt.bg)")
points(x, y, pch = 21, bg = "white")
legend(.4,1, "sin(c x)", pch = 21, pt.bg = "white", lty = 1, col = "blue")
## legends with titles at different locations
plot(x, y, type = "n")
legend("bottomright", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "bottomright")
legend("bottom", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "bottom")
legend("bottomleft", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "bottomleft")
legend("left", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "left")
legend("topleft", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "topleft, inset = .05",
inset = .05)
legend("top", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "top")
legend("topright", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "topright, inset = .02",
inset = .02)
legend("right", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "right")
legend("center", "(x,y)", pch = 1, title = "center")
# using text.font (and text.col):
op <- par(mfrow = c(2, 2), mar = rep(2.1, 4))
c6 <- terrain.colors(10)[1:6]
for(i in 1:4) {
plot(1, type = "n", axes = FALSE, ann = FALSE); title(paste("text.font =",i))
legend("top", legend = LETTERS[1:6], col = c6,
ncol = 2, cex = 2, lwd = 3, text.font = i, text.col = c6)
}
par(op)
```

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