```
require(stats) # for rnorm
plot(-4:4, -4:4, type = "n") # setting up coord. system
points(rnorm(200), rnorm(200), col = "red")
points(rnorm(100)/2, rnorm(100)/2, col = "blue", cex = 1.5)
op <- par(bg = "light blue")
x <- seq(0, 2*pi, len = 51)
## something "between type='b' and type='o'":
plot(x, sin(x), type = "o", pch = 21, bg = par("bg"), col = "blue", cex = .6,
main = 'plot(..., type="o", pch=21, bg=par("bg"))')
par(op)
## The figure was produced by calls like
png("pch.png", height = 0.7, width = 7, res = 100, units = "in")
par(mar = rep(0,4))
plot(c(-1, 26), 0:1, type = "n", axes = FALSE)
text(0:25, 0.6, 0:25, cex = 0.5)
points(0:25, rep(0.3, 26), pch = 0:25, bg = "grey")
##-------- Showing all the extra & some char graphics symbols ---------
pchShow <-
function(extras = c("*",".", "o","O","0","+","-","|","%","#"),
cex = 3, ## good for both .Device=="postscript" and "x11"
col = "red3", bg = "gold", coltext = "brown", cextext = 1.2,
main = paste("plot symbols : points (... pch = *, cex =",
cex,")"))
{
nex <- length(extras)
np <- 26 + nex
ipch <- 0:(np-1)
k <- floor(sqrt(np))
dd <- c(-1,1)/2
rx <- dd + range(ix <- ipch %/% k)
ry <- dd + range(iy <- 3 + (k-1)- ipch %% k)
pch <- as.list(ipch) # list with integers & strings
if(nex > 0) pch[26+ 1:nex] <- as.list(extras)
plot(rx, ry, type = "n", axes = FALSE, xlab = "", ylab = "", main = main)
abline(v = ix, h = iy, col = "lightgray", lty = "dotted")
for(i in 1:np) {
pc <- pch[[i]]
## 'col' symbols with a 'bg'-colored interior (where available) :
points(ix[i], iy[i], pch = pc, col = col, bg = bg, cex = cex)
if(cextext > 0)
text(ix[i] - 0.3, iy[i], pc, col = coltext, cex = cextext)
}
}
pchShow()
pchShow(c("o","O","0"), cex = 2.5)
pchShow(NULL, cex = 4, cextext = 0, main = NULL)
## ------------ test code for various pch specifications -------------
# Try this in various font families (including Hershey)
# and locales. Use sign = -1 asserts we want Latin-1.
# Standard cases in a MBCS locale will not plot the top half.
TestChars <- function(sign = 1, font = 1, ...)
{
MB <- l10n_info()$MBCS
r <- if(font == 5) { sign <- 1; c(32:126, 160:254)
} else if(MB) 32:126 else 32:255
if (sign == -1) r <- c(32:126, 160:255)
par(pty = "s")
plot(c(-1,16), c(-1,16), type = "n", xlab = "", ylab = "",
xaxs = "i", yaxs = "i",
main = sprintf("sign = %d, font = %d", sign, font))
grid(17, 17, lty = 1) ; mtext(paste("MBCS:", MB))
for(i in r) try(points(i%%16, i%/%16, pch = sign*i, font = font,...))
}
TestChars()
try(TestChars(sign = -1))
TestChars(font = 5) # Euro might be at 160 (0+10*16).
# macOS has apple at 240 (0+15*16).
try(TestChars(-1, font = 2)) # bold
```

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