grid.hexagons

0th

Percentile

Add Hexagon Cells to Plot

Plots cells in an hexbin object. The function distinquishes among counts using 5 different styles. This function is the hexagon plotting engine from the plot method for hexbin objects.

Keywords
aplot
Usage
grid.hexagons(dat, style = c("colorscale", "centroids", "lattice",
	      "nested.lattice", "nested.centroids", "constant.col"),
         use.count=TRUE, cell.at=NULL,
	 minarea = 0.05, maxarea = 0.8, check.erosion = TRUE,
	 mincnt = 1, maxcnt = max(dat@count), trans = NULL,
	 colorcut = seq(0, 1, length = 17),
	 density = NULL, border = NULL, pen = NULL,
	 colramp = function(n){ LinGray(n,beg = 90, end = 15) },
	 def.unit=  "native",
	 verbose = getOption("verbose"))
Arguments
dat

an object of class hexbin, see hexbin.

style

character string specifying the type of plotting; must be (a unique abbrevation) of the values given in ‘Usage’ above.

use.count

logical specifying if counts should be used.

cell.at

numeric vector to be plotted instead of counts, must besame length as the number of cells.

minarea

numeric, the fraction of cell area for the lowest count.

maxarea

the fraction of the cell area for the largest count.

check.erosion

logical indicating only eroded points should be used for "erodebin" objects; simply passed to hcell2xy, see its documentation.

mincnt

numeric; cells with counts smaller than mincnt are not shown.

maxcnt

cells with counts larger than this are not shown.

trans

a transformation function (or NULL) for the counts, e.g., sqrt.

colorcut

a vector of values covering [0, 1] which determine hexagon color class boundaries or hexagon size boundaries -- for style = "colorscale" only.

density

grid.polygon argument for shading. 0 causes the polygon not to be filled. This is not implemented (for grid.polygon) yet.

border

grid.polygon() argument. Draw the border for each hexagon.

pen

colors for grid.polygon(). Determines the color with which the polygon will be filled.

colramp

function of an integer argument n returning n colors. n is determined

def.unit

default unit to be used.

verbose

logical indicating if some diagnostic output should happen.

Details

The six plotting styles have the following effect:

style="lattice" or "centroids":

Plots the hexagons in different sizes based on counts. The "lattice" version centers the hexagons at the cell centers whereas "centroids" moves the hexagon centers close to the center of mass for the cells. In all cases the hexagons will not plot outside the cell unless maxarea > 1. Counts are rescaled into the interval [0,1] and colorcuts determine the class boundaries for sizes and counts. The pen argument for this style should be a single color or a vector of colors of length(bin@count).

style="colorscale":

Counts are rescaled into the interval [0,1] and colorcuts determines the class boundaries for the color classes. For this style, the function passed as colramp is used to define the n colors for the n+1 color cuts. The pen argument is ignored. See LinGray for the default colramp and alternative “color ramp” functions.

style="constant.col":

This is an even simpler alternative to "colorscale", using constant colors (determined pen optionally).

style="nested.lattice" and "nested.centroids":

Counts are partitioned into classes by power of 10. The encoding nests hexagon size within powers of 10 color contours.

If the pen argument is used it should be a matrix of colors with 2 columns and either ceiling(log10(max(bin@count))) or length(bin@count) rows. The default uses the R color palatte so that pens numbers 2-11 determine colors for completely filled cell Pen 2 is the color for 1's, Pen 3 is the color for 10's, etc. Pens numbers 12-21 determine the color of the foreground hexagons. The hexagon size shows the relative count for the power of 10. Different color schemes give different effects including 3-D illusions

Hexagon size encoding minarea and maxarea determine the area of the smallest and largest hexagons plotted. Both are expressed fractions of the bin cell size. Typical values might be .04 and 1. When both values are 1, all plotted hexagons are bin cell size, if maxarea is greater than 1 than hexagons will overlap. This is sometimes interesting with the lattice and centroid styles.

Count scaling

relcnt <- (trans(cnt)-trans(mincnt)) / (trans(maxcnt)-trans(mincnt))

area <- minarea + relcnt*maxarea

By default the transformation trans() is the identity function. The legend routine requires the transformation inverse for some options.

Count windowing mincnt and maxcnt Only routine only plots cells with cnts in [mincnts, maxcnts]

SIDE EFFECTS

Adds hexagons to the plot.

References

Carr, D. B. (1991) Looking at Large Data Sets Using Binned Data Plots, pp. 7--39 in Computing and Graphics in Statistics; Eds. A. Buja and P. Tukey, Springer-Verlag, New York.

See Also

hexbin, smooth.hexbin, erode.hexbin, hcell2xy, gplot.hexbin, hboxplot, hdiffplot, grid.hexlegend

Aliases
  • grid.hexagons
Examples
library(hexbin) # NOT RUN { set.seed(506) x <- rnorm(10000) y <- rnorm(10000) # bin the points bin <- hexbin(x,y) # Typical approach uses plot( <hexbin> ) which controls the plot shape : plot(bin, main = "Bivariate rnorm(10000)") ## but we can have more manual control: # A mixture distribution x <- c(rnorm(5000),rnorm(5000,4,1.5)) y <- c(rnorm(5000),rnorm(5000,2,3)) hb2 <- hexbin(x,y) # Show color control and overplotting of hexagons ## 1) setup coordinate system: P <- plot(hb2, type="n", main = "Bivariate mixture (10000)")# asp=1 ## 2) add hexagons (in the proper viewport): pushHexport(P$plot.vp) grid.hexagons(hb2, style= "lattice", border = gray(.1), pen = gray(.6), minarea = .1, maxarea = 1.5) library("grid") popViewport() ## How to treat 'singletons' specially: P <- plot(hb2, type="n", main = "Bivariate mixture (10000)")# asp=1 pushHexport(P$plot.vp) grid.hexagons(hb2, style= "nested.centroids", mincnt = 2)# not the single ones grid.hexagons(hb2, style= "centroids", maxcnt = 1, maxarea=0.04)# single points popViewport() # } # NOT RUN { <!-- %% FIXME --- this would mix grid- and traditional-graphics --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- %% ----- would need grid-graphics for 'gpclib' -- aaargs... --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % # And if we had all the information... --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % if(require(gpclib)){ --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % h1 <- chull(x[1:5000], y[1:5000]) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % h2 <- chull(x[5001:10000], y[5001:10000]) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % h2 <- h2+5000 --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % h1 <- as(cbind(x[1:5000],y [1:5000])[h1, ], "gpc.poly") --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % h2 <- as(cbind(x,y)[h2, ], "gpc.poly") --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % plot(hb2, type="n", main = "Bivariate mixture (10000)")# asp=1 --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % plot(h1,poly.args = list(col ="#CCEBC5"),add = TRUE) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % plot(h2,poly.args = list(col ="#FBB4AE"),add = TRUE) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % plot(intersect(h1, h2), poly.args = list(col = 2), add = TRUE) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % grid.hexagons(hb2, style= "centroids", border = gray(.1), pen = gray(.6), --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % minarea = .1, maxarea = 1.5) --> # } # NOT RUN { <!-- % } --> # } # NOT RUN { # }
Documentation reproduced from package hexbin, version 1.27.1, License: GPL-2

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