# union.igraph.es

From igraph v1.2.3
by Gabor Csardi

##### Union of edge sequences

Union of edge sequences

##### Usage

```
# S3 method for igraph.es
union(...)
```

##### Arguments

- ...
The edge sequences to take the union of.

##### Details

They must belong to the same graph. Note that this function has
‘set’ semantics and the multiplicity of edges is lost in the
result. (This is to match the behavior of the based `unique`

function.)

##### Value

An edge sequence that contains all edges in the given sequences, exactly once.

##### See Also

Other vertex and edge sequence operations: `c.igraph.es`

,
`c.igraph.vs`

,
`difference.igraph.es`

,
`difference.igraph.vs`

,
`igraph-es-indexing2`

,
`igraph-es-indexing`

,
`igraph-vs-indexing2`

,
`igraph-vs-indexing`

,
`intersection.igraph.es`

,
`intersection.igraph.vs`

,
`rev.igraph.es`

, `rev.igraph.vs`

,
`union.igraph.vs`

,
`unique.igraph.es`

,
`unique.igraph.vs`

##### Examples

```
# NOT RUN {
g <- make_(ring(10), with_vertex_(name = LETTERS[1:10]))
union(E(g)[1:6], E(g)[5:9], E(g)['A|J'])
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package igraph, version 1.2.3, License: GPL (>= 2)*

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