0th

Percentile

##### Create graphs from adjacency matrices

graph_from_adjacency_matrix is a flexible function for creating igraph graphs from adjacency matrices.

Keywords
graphs
##### Usage
graph_from_adjacency_matrix(
mode = c("directed", "undirected", "max", "min", "upper", "lower", "plus"),
weighted = NULL,
diag = TRUE,
)from_adjacency(...)
##### Arguments

A square adjacency matrix. From igraph version 0.5.1 this can be a sparse matrix created with the Matrix package.

mode

Character scalar, specifies how igraph should interpret the supplied matrix. See also the weighted argument, the interpretation depends on that too. Possible values are: directed, undirected, upper, lower, max, min, plus. See details below.

weighted

This argument specifies whether to create a weighted graph from an adjacency matrix. If it is NULL then an unweighted graph is created and the elements of the adjacency matrix gives the number of edges between the vertices. If it is a character constant then for every non-zero matrix entry an edge is created and the value of the entry is added as an edge attribute named by the weighted argument. If it is TRUE then a weighted graph is created and the name of the edge attribute will be weight. See also details below.

diag

Logical scalar, whether to include the diagonal of the matrix in the calculation. If this is FALSE then the diagonal is zerod out first.

Character scalar, whether to add the column names as vertex attributes. If it is ‘NULL’ (the default) then, if present, column names are added as vertex attribute ‘name’. If ‘NA’ then they will not be added. If a character constant, then it gives the name of the vertex attribute to add.

Character scalar, whether to add the row names as vertex attributes. Possible values the same as the previous argument. By default row names are not added. If ‘add.rownames’ and ‘add.colnames’ specify the same vertex attribute, then the former is ignored.

...

Passed to graph_from_adjacency_matrix.

##### Details

The order of the vertices are preserved, i.e. the vertex corresponding to the first row will be vertex 0 in the graph, etc.

graph_from_adjacency_matrix operates in two main modes, depending on the weighted argument.

If this argument is NULL then an unweighted graph is created and an element of the adjacency matrix gives the number of edges to create between the two corresponding vertices. The details depend on the value of the mode argument:

"directed"

The graph will be directed and a matrix element gives the number of edges between two vertices.

"undirected"

This is exactly the same as max, for convenience. Note that it is not checked whether the matrix is symmetric.

"max"

An undirected graph will be created and max(A(i,j), A(j,i)) gives the number of edges.

"upper"

An undirected graph will be created, only the upper right triangle (including the diagonal) is used for the number of edges.

"lower"

An undirected graph will be created, only the lower left triangle (including the diagonal) is used for creating the edges.

"min"

undirected graph will be created with min(A(i,j), A(j,i)) edges between vertex i and j.

"plus"

undirected graph will be created with A(i,j)+A(j,i) edges between vertex i and j.

If the weighted argument is not NULL then the elements of the matrix give the weights of the edges (if they are not zero). The details depend on the value of the mode argument:

"directed"

The graph will be directed and a matrix element gives the edge weights.

"undirected"

First we check that the matrix is symmetric. It is an error if not. Then only the upper triangle is used to create a weighted undirected graph.

"max"

An undirected graph will be created and max(A(i,j), A(j,i)) gives the edge weights.

"upper"

An undirected graph will be created, only the upper right triangle (including the diagonal) is used (for the edge weights).

"lower"

An undirected graph will be created, only the lower left triangle (including the diagonal) is used for creating the edges.

"min"

An undirected graph will be created, min(A(i,j), A(j,i)) gives the edge weights.

"plus"

An undirected graph will be created, A(i,j)+A(j,i) gives the edge weights.

##### Value

An igraph graph object.

graph and graph_from_literal for other ways to create graphs.

##### Examples
# NOT RUN {
adjm <- matrix(sample(0:1, 100, replace=TRUE, prob=c(0.9,0.1)), nc=10)
prob=c(0.9,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02,0.02)), nc=10)
E(g2)$weight ## various modes for weighted graphs, with some tests nzs <- function(x) sort(x [x!=0]) adjm <- matrix(runif(100), 10) adjm[ adjm<0.5 ] <- 0 g3 <- graph_from_adjacency_matrix((adjm + t(adjm))/2, weighted=TRUE, mode="undirected") g4 <- graph_from_adjacency_matrix(adjm, weighted=TRUE, mode="max") all(nzs(pmax(adjm, t(adjm))[upper.tri(adjm)]) == sort(E(g4)$weight))

all(nzs(pmin(adjm, t(adjm))[upper.tri(adjm)]) == sort(E(g5)$weight)) g6 <- graph_from_adjacency_matrix(adjm, weighted=TRUE, mode="upper") all(nzs(adjm[upper.tri(adjm)]) == sort(E(g6)$weight))

all(nzs(adjm[lower.tri(adjm)]) == sort(E(g7)$weight)) g8 <- graph_from_adjacency_matrix(adjm, weighted=TRUE, mode="plus") d2 <- function(x) { diag(x) <- diag(x)/2; x } all(nzs((d2(adjm+t(adjm)))[lower.tri(adjm)]) == sort(E(g8)$weight))

d0 <- function(x) { diag(x) <- 0 }

## row/column names