retroact

0th

Percentile

Recall Frequencies in Retroactive Inhibition

Riefer and Batchelder (1988) presented each of 75 participants with either one, two, three, four, or five successive lists of words (15 subjects per group). These words were shown in random order on a computer screen, one word at a time, at a rate of 5 s per word. Each list contained 25 words, consisting of 10 categories (with 2 associate words per category) and five singletons. Subjects were given 1.5 min to recall in writing the 25 words from each individual list. After all of the lists had been presented, a final free-recall test was given in which subjects attempted to recall the words from all of the previous lists. Subjects were given up to 5 min for this final written recall.

The focus here is on the recall of the first-list words during the final recall task. The responses were classified into six categories and pooled across subjects.

Keywords
datasets
Usage
data(retroact)
Format

A data frame consisting of four variables:

lists

the number of interpolated lists.

treeid

an identifier for the single trees of the joint multinomial model.

resp

a factor giving the response category; E1 pair is recalled adjacently, E2 pair is recalled non-adjacently, E3 one word in a pair is recalled, E4 neither word in a pair is recalled, F1 recall of a singleton, F2 non-recall of a singleton.

freq

the aggregate recall frequencies per condition.

See Also

mpt.

Aliases
  • retroact
Examples
# NOT RUN {
data(retroact)

## Fitting individual storage-retrieval models per condition
spec <- mptspec(
  c*r,
  (1 - c)*u^2,
  2*(1 - c)*u*(1 - u),
  c*(1 - r) + (1 - c)*(1 - u)^2,
  u,
  1 - u
)
pars <- sapply(0:4,
  function(x) coef(mpt(spec, retroact[retroact$lists == x, ])))

## Figure 3 in Riefer & Batchelder (1988)
plot(pars["c", ] ~ I(0:4), pch=16, type="b", ylim=c(.3, 1),
     xlab="Number of interpolated lists, j",
     ylab="Parameter estimate (Storage-retrieval model)",
     main="Riefer and Batchelder (1988)")
points(pars["r", ] ~ I(0:4), type="b", lty=2)
text(3, .89, expression("Storage of clusters," ~ hat(c)[j]))
text(3, .46, expression("Retrieval of clusters," ~ hat(r)[j]))

## Testing effects of interpolated lists
spec <- mptspec(
  c0*r0,
  (1 - c0)*u0^2,
  2*(1 - c0)*u0*(1 - u0),
  c0*(1 - r0) + (1 - c0)*(1 - u0)^2,
  u0,
  1 - u0,

  c1*r1,
  (1 - c1)*u1^2,
  2*(1 - c1)*u1*(1 - u1),
  c1*(1 - r1) + (1 - c1)*(1 - u1)^2,
  u1,
  1 - u1,

  c2*r2,
  (1 - c2)*u2^2,
  2*(1 - c2)*u2*(1 - u2),
  c2*(1 - r2) + (1 - c2)*(1 - u2)^2,
  u2,
  1 - u2,

  c3*r3,
  (1 - c3)*u3^2,
  2*(1 - c3)*u3*(1 - u3),
  c3*(1 - r3) + (1 - c3)*(1 - u3)^2,
  u3,
  1 - u3,

  c4*r4,
  (1 - c4)*u4^2,
  2*(1 - c4)*u4*(1 - u4),
  c4*(1 - r4) + (1 - c4)*(1 - u4)^2,
  u4,
  1 - u4
)
m1 <- mpt(spec, retroact)
m2 <- mpt(update(spec, .restr=list(r0=r, r1=r, r2=r, r3=r, r4=r)),
          retroact)
m3 <- mpt(update(spec, .restr=list(c0=c, c1=c, c2=c, c3=c, c4=c)),
          retroact)

anova(m2, m1)  # r decreases the more lists have been interpolated
anova(m3, m1)  # c remains constant
# }
Documentation reproduced from package mpt, version 0.6-2, License: GPL (>= 2)

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