YouthGratitude

0th

Percentile

Measuring Gratitude in Youth

Cross-section data on several gratitude scales for children and adolescents.

Keywords
datasets
Usage
data("YouthGratitude")
Details

The gratitude scales employed are: GRAT: Gratitude, Resentment, Appreciation Test (1--9). Short form with subscales LOSD (lack of a sense of deprivation), SA (simple appreciation), and AO (appreciation for others). GQ-6: Gratitude Questionnaire-6 (1--7). GAC: Gratitude Adjective Checklist (1--5).

The item losd_1 has been omitted from all analyses in Froh et al. (2011) because it loaded lowly on all factors. Hence losd_1 is not listed in Table B1 of Froh et al. (2011). Instead, the remaining items are labeled losd_1 to losd_5.

Format

A data frame containing 1405 observations on 28 variables.

id

Integer person ID.

age

Age in years (10--19 years).

agegroup

Factor coding of age with levels "10-11", "12-13", "14", "15", "16", "17-19".

losd_1

Life has been good to me.

losd_2

There never seems to be enough to go around, and I never seem to get my share. (Reverse scored.)

losd_3

I really don't think that I've gotten all the good things that I deserve in life. (Reverse scored.)

losd_4

More bad things have happened to me in my life than I deserve. (Reverse scored.)

losd_5

Because of what I've gone through in my life, I really feel like the world owes me something. (Reverse scored.)

losd_6

For some reason I never seem to get the advantages that others get. (Reverse scored.)

sa_1

Oftentimes I have been overwhelmed at the beauty of nature.

sa_2

Every Fall I really enjoy watching the leaves change colors.

sa_3

I think that it's important to 'Stop and smell the roses.'

sa_4

I think that it's important to pause often to 'count my blessings.'

sa_5

I think it's important to enjoy the simple things in life.

sa_6

I think it's important to appreciate each day that you are alive.

ao_1

I couldn't have gotten where I am today without the help of many people.

ao_2

Although I think it's important to feel good about your accomplishments, I think that it's also important to remember how others have contributed to my accomplishments.

ao_3

Although I'm basically in control of my life, I can't help but think about all those who have supported me and helped me along the way.

ao_4

I feel deeply appreciative for the things others have done for me in my life.

gq6_1

I have so much in life to be thankful for.

gq6_2

If I had to list everything that I felt thankful for, it would be a very long list.

gq6_3

When I look at the world, I don't see much to be thankful for.

gq6_4

I am thankful to a wide variety of people. (Reverse scored.)

gq6_5

As I get older I find myself more able to appreciate the people, events, and situations that have been part of my life history.

gq6_6

Long amounts of time can go by before I feel gratitude to something or someone. (Reverse scored.)

gac_1

Grateful.

gac_2

Thankful.

gac_3

Appreciative.

References

Froh JJ, Fan J, Emmons RA, Bono G, Huebner ES, Watkins P (2011). Measuring Gratitude in Youth: Assessing the Psychometric Properties of Adult Gratitude Scales in Children and Adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 23(2), 311--324.

Aliases
  • YouthGratitude
Examples
# NOT RUN {
data("YouthGratitude", package = "psychotools")
summary(YouthGratitude)

## modeling can be carried out using package lavaan
# }
# NOT RUN {
## remove cases with 'imputed' values (not in 1, ..., 9)
yg <- YouthGratitude[apply(YouthGratitude[, 4:28], 1, function(x) all(x <!-- %in% 1:9)), ] -->

## GQ-6
gq6_congeneric <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gq6_1 + gq6_2 + gq6_3 + gq6_4 + gq6_5',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE)
gq6_tauequivalent <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gq6_1 + gq6_2 + gq6_3 + gq6_4 + gq6_5',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = "loadings")
gq6_parallel <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gq6_1 + gq6_2 + gq6_3 + gq6_4 + gq6_5',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = c("loadings", "residuals", "lv.variances"))
anova(gq6_congeneric, gq6_tauequivalent, gq6_parallel)
t(sapply(
  list(gq6_congeneric, gq6_tauequivalent, gq6_parallel),
  function(m) fitMeasures(m)[c("chisq", "df", "cfi", "srmr")]
))

## GAC
gac_congeneric <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gac_1 + gac_2 + gac_3',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE)
gac_tauequivalent <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gac_1 + gac_2 + gac_3',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = "loadings")
gac_parallel <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ gac_1 + gac_2 + gac_3',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = c("loadings", "residuals", "lv.variances"))
anova(gac_congeneric, gac_tauequivalent, gac_parallel)
t(sapply(
  list(gac_congeneric, gac_tauequivalent, gac_parallel),
  function(m) fitMeasures(m)[c("chisq", "df", "cfi", "srmr")]
))

## GRAT
grat_congeneric <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ losd_2 + losd_3 + losd_4 + losd_5 + losd_6
   f2 =~ sa_1 + sa_2 + sa_3 + sa_4 + sa_5 + sa_6
   f3 =~ ao_1 + ao_2 + ao_3 + ao_4',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE)
grat_tauequivalent <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ losd_2 + losd_3 + losd_4 + losd_5 + losd_6
   f2 =~ sa_1 + sa_2 + sa_3 + sa_4 + sa_5 + sa_6
   f3 =~ ao_1 + ao_2 + ao_3 + ao_4',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = "loadings")
grat_parallel <- cfa(
  'f1 =~ losd_2 + losd_3 + losd_4 + losd_5 + losd_6
   f2 =~ sa_1 + sa_2 + sa_3 + sa_4 + sa_5 + sa_6
   f3 =~ ao_1 + ao_2 + ao_3 + ao_4',
  data = yg, group = "agegroup", meanstructure = TRUE,
  group.equal = c("loadings", "residuals", "lv.variances"))
anova(grat_congeneric, grat_tauequivalent, grat_parallel)
t(sapply(
  list(grat_congeneric, grat_tauequivalent, grat_parallel),
  function(m) fitMeasures(m)[c("chisq", "df", "cfi", "srmr")]
))
# }
Documentation reproduced from package psychotools, version 0.5-1, License: GPL-2 | GPL-3

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