The rmarkdown package is a next generation implementation of R Markdown based on pandoc. This implementation brings many enhancements to R Markdown, including:
- Create HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents as well as Beamer ioslides and reveal.js presentations
- New markdown syntax including expanded support for tables, definition lists, and bibliographies.
- A responsive (multi-device friendly) and themeable HTML template based on Bootstrap 3.
- Hooks for customizing HTML and PDF output (include CSS, headers, and footers).
- Include raw LaTeX within markdown for advanced customization of PDF output.
- Extensibility: easily define new formats for custom publishing requirements.
Note that creating PDF and Beamer output requires that LaTeX be installed.
To install the package and its dependencies:
A recent version of pandoc (>= 1.12.3) is also required. Recent daily builds of RStudio include pandoc v1.12.3. If you only intend to use the rmarkdown package within RStudio you can rely on this version.
If you are not running within RStudio then follow the pandoc installation instructions for your platform.
render function is used to convert R Markdown (Rmd) files into various output formats (the default is HTML). Calling
render will knit the specified input document and then produce the final output document using pandoc:
You can also specify a plain markdown file in which case knitting will be bypassed:
R Markdown documents can contain a metadata section that includes both title, author, and date information as well as options for customizing output. For example, this metadata included at the top of an Rmd file adds a table of contents and chooses a different HTML theme:
--- title: "Sample Document" output: html_document: toc: true theme: united ---
R Markdown has built in support for several output formats (HTML, PDF, and MS Word documents as well as Beamer presentations). These formats can also be specified in metadata, for example:
--- title: "Sample Document" output: pdf_document: toc: true highlight: zenburn ---
If you aren't specifying format options you can also just use a simple format name:
--- title: "Sample Document" output: pdf_document ---
Multiple formats can be specified in metadata:
--- title: "Sample Document" output: html_document: toc: true theme: united pdf_document: toc: true highlight: zenburn ---
To select from the various formats defined you can pass a format name to
render. For example:
If no explicit format name is passed to
render then the first one defined will be used.
Shared Output Formats
You can also define output formats externally in a file named
output.yaml located in the same directory as the R Markdown source file. For example:
html_document: toc: true theme: united pdf_document: toc: true highlight: zenburn
output.yaml file is a good way to share output settings across multiple R Markdown files in the same directory.
Output Format Functions
Output formats need not be specified in metadata. In fact, metadata is just a convenient way to invoke functions that implement output formats. There are five built-in output formats each exported as a function from the package:
As you'd expect, these functions can also be invoked as part of the call to
render, for example:
render("input.Rmd", html_document(toc = TRUE)) render("input.Rmd", pdf_document(latex_engine = "lualatex")) render("input.Rmd", beamer_presentation(incremental = TRUE))
For more details on the options available for each format see their respective help topics.
The rmarkdown package is licensed under the GPLv3 (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html).